Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool
Promotion from one geup to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan. Many of the older and more traditional schools often take longer to allow students to test for higher ranks than newer, more contemporary schools, as they may not have the required testing intervals. View Taekwondo belt levels »
A kick (차기 chagi) is a physical strike using the foot, leg, or knee. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Relaxation enables the strike to achieve the greatest possible velocity during travel, while rigidity at impact allows the maximum transfer of force.
Difficulty Level: Beginner Technique: Kick ( 차기 chagi )
The front kick is one of the first kicks learned in taekwondo; if mastered it can become one of the most powerful.
The front kick bears the name ap chagi 앞차기. It is distinct from the push kick ( 밀어차기 mireo-chagi ) in that the power should be delivered instantaneously. Since the leg moves forward while the shin and foot naturally swing upwards, the easiest application of this kick is that of directing one's energy upwards, perhaps considering it a "kick to the groin". However, one can deliver massive force forward with this kick as well, which is considered its main application by most instructors. Directed forward, this is actually one of the most powerful kicks in Taekwondo, and it is quite often used in exhibitions and board-breaking competitions where power is demonstrated.
In order to not injure ones toes while executing this kick, it is usually delivered through the front ball of the foot ( 앞축 ap chuk ), if not with the flat upperside (instep) of the foot ( 발등 baldeung ). If performed with the bare foot then the ball of the foot is used on impact with the toes drawn up to prevent injury. To strike with the ball of the foot ( 앞축 ap chuk ), one has to raise one's toes so that the tips will not be the first contact point. Even when directed forward, this is not a kick where the first contact point should be the base of the heel, as is considered beneficial in some other martial arts having a similar kick. In Taekwondo, one would strike forward with the ankle extended, so that the upperside of the foot forms a straight line with the shin, and with the toes bent back (pointing up). In other words a front kick with ball of the foot ( 앞축 앞차기 ap chuk ap chagi ). Having the foot in any other position when directing this kick strictly forward would be considered highly unorthodox, and is a common error among beginners.
Types of Front Kick ( 앞차기 ap chagi )
- Ttwieo-ap-chagi ( 뛰어 앞차기 ) - Jumping Front Kick
- Ttwieo-dubal-ap-chagi ( 뛰어 두발 앞차기 ) - Jumping Two-foot Front Kick
- Dwichuk-ap-chagi ( 뒤축 앞차기 ) - Front Kick with the heel of the foot
- Baldeung-ap-chagi ( 발등 앞차기 ) - Instep Front Kick
- Mireo-ap-chagi ( 밀어 앞차기 ) - Pushing Front Kick
- Mireo-chagi ( 밀어차기 ) - Pushing Kick
- Geodeup-ap-chagi ( 거듭 앞차기 ) - Repeating Front kick
In addition to being a kick in itself, the front kick is an exercise used by many instructors to teach the principle of lifting ones knee before the rest of the kick commences, something which is considered important in taekwondo, where it is somewhat literally translated from the Korean ap chagi ( 앞차기 ), (and many kicking arts with the notable exception of Capoeira). In competition fights known as sparring ( 겨루기 gyeorugi ) this kick sees little actual use, except possibly as a component in an improvised kick which is perhaps intended as an inward crescent kick ( 안차기 an chagi ) or axe kick ( 내려차기 naeryeo chagi ).
It is common to slightly bend the knee of the leg one is standing on when executing this kick, and pointing the foot one is standing on somewhat outwards. As in all Taekwondo kicks, one will also try to get ones "hip into the kick", resulting perhaps in a slight shift of weight forward. In any case, this is a linear kick, and as such one that one can get ones weight behind.
Students often undergo periodic testing and grading by their own Master Instructor ( 사범님 sabeomnim ) in order to advance to a higher level of recognized achievement such as a different belt color. They need to demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art such as the execution of patterns ( 품새 poomse ), which combine various techniques in specific sequences.
Front Kick ( 앞차기 ap chagi ) is a requirement for the below belt levels (Techniques vary between schools). Promotion from one belt level to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan black belt. View Promotion Tests »
There exist countless variations of this kick, and it can be used along with other kicks without one having to put ones kicking foot down in between kicks. A very common variation is Ttwieo-ap-chagi ( 뛰어 앞차기 ), a flying front kick which can reach impressively heights.
Some instructors refer to this kick as the "flash kick". This is in tune with the line of thought which seems prevalent in the various Taekwondo Poomse forms, where the ap chagi 앞차기 is used very extensively in combination with relatively short range hand strikes and blocks, mimicking situations in which it would have to be performed quite quickly.
- Start with a fighting stance
- Turn your body slightly forward and begin to raise your leg
- Be careful not to hit your standing (supporting) leg
- Raise your knees to waist level and pull your toes back
- Lean back slightly and remember to focus on the target
- Finish off with full extension of leg and snap knees
Front Kick Tips
- The height to which it is delivered will also influence the way it is delivered
- Hips movement may be used to increase the reach and to thrust one's leg into the target, resulting in more powerful strike
- The kick is delivered differently depending on whether it is executed with the front or the rear leg; or whether it is an offensive kick or a defensive stop-kick
Question. What is the korean word for taekwondo 'Attention'?
Attention is a stance where your body is in an upright standing position with the legs side by side, heels touching, toes facing straight forward. Your hands should be parallel with your body, to the side. From this stance instructors explain what will be taught during the class session and/or if they want your attention they say Charyeot, meaning you stop whatever you are doing and get into the stance awaiting further instructions.
Taekwondo Kicks (차기 chagi)
A kick (차기 chagi) is a physical strike using the foot, leg, or knee. As the human leg is longer and stronger than the arm, kicks are generally used to keep an opponent at a distance, surprise him or her with their range, and inflict substantial damage. On the other hand, stance is very important in any combat system, and any attempt to deliver a kick will necessarily compromise one's stability of stance. For more information View Taekwondo Kicks (차기 chagi) »
- History of Kicking
- Front Kick ( 앞차기 ap chagi )
- Side Kick ( 옆차기 yeop chagi )
- Roundhouse ( 돌려차기 dollyeo chagi )
- Spin Kick ( 뒤후려차기 dwi huryeo chagi )
- Jump Kick ( 뛰어차기 ttwieo chagi )
- Scissors Kick ( 가위차기 gawi-chagi )
- Repeating Kick ( 거듭차기 geodeup-chagi )
- Repeating Turn Kick ( 거듭 돌려차기 geodeup-dollyeo-chagi )
- Repeating Side kick ( 거듭 옆차기 geodeup-yeop-chagi )
- Jumping Flip Kick ( 공중제비차기 gongjungjebi-chagi )
- Multi direction Kick ( 다방향차기 dabangyang-chagi )
- Whirl Kick Dolgaechagi ( 돌개차기 dolgae-chagi )
- Flying Kick ( 두발당성차기 dubaldangseong-chagi )
- Holding Kick ( 잡고차기 japgo-chagi )
- Target Kick ( 표적차기 pyojeok-chagi )
- 360º Back Whip Kick ( 360도 뒤후려차기 360º dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- 540º Back Whip Kick ( 540도 뒤후려차기 540º dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- Back Kick ( 뒤차기 dwi chagi )
- Hook Kick ( 후려차기 huryeo chagi )
- Axe Kick ( 내려차기 naeryeo chagi )
- Crescent Kick ( 바깥차기 bakkat chagi )
- 540º Whirl Kick ( 540º 돌개차기 )
- 720º Whirl Kick ( 720º 돌개차기 )
- Pushing Kick ( 밀어차기 mireo-chagi )
- Counter Kick ( 받아차기 bada-chagi )
- Rear Foot Counter Kick ( 뒷발 받아차기 dwitbal-bada-chagi )
- Front Foot Counter Kick ( 앞발 받아차기 apbal-bada-chagi )
- Skipping Kick ( 발붙여차기 balbucheo-chagi )
- Twisting Kick ( 비틀어차기 biteureo-chagi )
- Inward Kick ( 안차기 an-chagi )
- Alternating Kick ( 이어차기 ieo-chagi )
- Jumping Back Whip Kick ( 뛰어 뒤후려차기 ttwieo-dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- Skipping Whip Kick ( 발붙여 후려차기 japgo-balbutyeo-huryeo-chagi )
- Front Foot Whip Kick ( 앞발 후려차기 apbal-huryeo-chagi )
- Knee Upward Strike ( 무릎 올려치기 mureup ollyeo chigi )
Risk of injury can be reduced by completing an effective warm up consisting of a heart raiser to get your pulse up, followed by sport specific dynamic stretches (stretches whilst moving). Please follow the guidance of a certified Master Instructor or trainer when doing sports related activities. Depending on the intensity of the exercise, cooling down can involve a slow jog or walk, or with lower intensities, stretching can be used. Cooling down allows the heart rate to return to its resting rate. View more information on Warming Up and Cooling Down ».
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "Warming Up" and "Cooling Down", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "List of Taekwondo Techniques" and "Front Kick" which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.