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About Blocks ( 막기 makgi )


In martial arts, blocking (makgi 막기) is the act of stopping or deflecting an opponent's attack for the purpose of preventing injurious contact with the body.

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A block usually consists of placing a limb across the line of the attack. Blocks are considered by some to be the most direct and least subtle of defensive techniques. Other ways of avoiding attack include evasion, trapping, slipping and deflection of the oncoming attack; this approach is often referred to as the application of 'soft' techniques.

 

 

 

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Low Block ( 아래막기 arae makgi )

Beginner   Tutorial Available

This is one of the most basic Taekwondo blocks and one of the first things a beginner will learn. The lead forearm is bent and raised to shoulder height, snapping the arm straight down with the palm facing the ground, which blocks any incoming low kicks or low strikes. The other arm is placed on the side of the waist which starts with the fist facing downward across the abdomen over the belt. Remember to twist your body when you make the block.

Experienced practitioners learn through repetition and muscle memory when (not just how) to launch particular blocks, based on the circumstances they are facing. Fights and fighters may have ebbs and flows in momentum and action that become predictable. Disrupting this flow may give the striker an advantage.

Low Block ( 아래막기 arae makgi ) Low Block ( 아래막기 arae makgi )

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Middle Block ( 몸통막기 momtong makgi )

Beginner   Tutorial Available

An inside block deflects a strike away from the defender and away from the attacker. For example, against a straight punch to the face, an inside forearm block would aim to meet the inside of the forearm of the attacker, pushing the punch outward, leaving the opponent open for a counter attack. The important thing to remember is that the block is moving in a straight line across the chest. Remember to keep the wrists straight, the blocking arm is angled 90-120 degrees, and the fist is as high as the shoulder.

Middle Block ( 몸통막기 momtong makgi ) Middle Block ( 몸통막기 momtong makgi )

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High Block ( 올려막기 olgul makgi )

Beginner   Tutorial Available

A high block deflects a downward strike such as a hammer fist, a stick or a face punch from a taller opponent. The blocking arm starts low with the hand in a relaxed fist across the abdomen(over the belt) with the palm facing upward. The other hand is placed on the side of the waist which begins by placing the arms across the chest at shoulder level and the palm facing towards the body. With the elbow facing up in the final position, the wrist of blocking hand is one fist away from the forehead(center).

  • Sonnal-olgul-makgi / 손날 올려막기 / Hand Blade Upward Block
High Block ( 올려막기 olgul makgi ) High Block ( 올려막기 olgul makgi )

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Outside Middle Block ( 바깥막기 momtong bakkat makgi )

Intermediate   Tutorial Available

An outside block deflects a strike away from the defender and across the attacker. For example, against a straight punch to the face, an outside forearm block would aim to meet the outside forearm of the attacker, pushing the punch outward, leaving the defender slightly to the side of the strike causing it to miss. Typically, because of the angles involved, inward blocks are used against attacks aimed at the torso.

Outside Middle Block ( 바깥막기 momtong bakkat makgi ) Outside Middle Block ( 바깥막기 momtong bakkat makgi )

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Inner Wrist Outer Block ( 안팔목 바깥막기 anpalmok bakkat makgi )

Intermediate   Tutorial Available

This block uses the inner wrist of your forearm which is used to deflect a strike away from your body. The blocking fist is parallel to the shoulder and the palm of the fist should face the body. The other hand should have the wrist stick to the waist of the body.

Experienced practitioners learn through repetition and muscle memory when (not just how) to launch particular blocks, based on the circumstances they are facing. Fights and fighters may have ebbs and flows in momentum and action that become predictable. Disrupting this flow may give the striker an advantage.

Inner Wrist Outer Block ( 안팔목 바깥막기 anpalmok bakkat makgi ) Inner Wrist Outer Block ( 안팔목 바깥막기 anpalmok bakkat makgi )

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Single Knife Hand Outward Block ( 한손날 바깥막기 hansonnal bakkat makgi )

Intermediate   Tutorial Available

The hand is kept in a knife hand position to block attacks to the torso. As the front arm sweeps down in an arc from the inside to the outside of the body, the back hand is simultaneously pulled back to the back hip and ready for a counter punch. The important thing to remember is that the block is moving in a straight line across the chest. Remember to keep the wrists straight, the blocking arm is angled 90-120 degrees, and the knifehand is as high as the shoulder.

Experienced practitioners learn through repetition and muscle memory when (not just how) to launch particular blocks, based on the circumstances they are facing. Fights and fighters may have ebbs and flows in momentum and action that become predictable. Disrupting this flow may give the striker an advantage.

Single Knife Hand Outward Block ( 한손날 바깥막기 hansonnal bakkat makgi ) Single Knife Hand Outward Block ( 한손날 바깥막기 hansonnal bakkat makgi )

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Knife Hand Inward Block ( 손날 안막기 sonnal an makgi )

Intermediate   Tutorial Available

Block the same motion as momtong makgi but the hand is kept in a knife hand position to block. The block deflects a strike away from the defender and away from the attacker. The important thing to remember is that the block is moving in a straight line across the chest.

Experienced practitioners learn through repetition and muscle memory when (not just how) to launch particular blocks, based on the circumstances they are facing. Fights and fighters may have ebbs and flows in momentum and action that become predictable. Disrupting this flow may give the striker an advantage.

Knife Hand Inward Block ( 손날 안막기 sonnal an makgi ) Knife Hand Inward Block ( 손날 안막기 sonnal an makgi )

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Palm Heel Pressing Block ( 바탕손 눌러막기 batangson nulleo makgi )

Intermediate   Tutorial Available

A standard block used to deflect incoming kicks and punches. The open hand is raised up to shoulder height and thrust directly down to meet the attackers hand or limb. The heel of the hand makes contact with the attacker’s forearm in case of a punch, or the shin in case of a kick. In the case of using the wrist area to block the attack it is called palmok (wrist area). Although simple, it requires a lot of partner training to get the timing of this Taekwondo block correct.

Palm Heel Pressing Block ( 바탕손 눌러막기 batangson nulleo makgi ) Palm Heel Pressing Block ( 바탕손 눌러막기 batangson nulleo makgi )

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Palm Heel Inward Block ( 바탕손 안막기 batangson-an-makgi )

Intermediate   Tutorial Available

Open the hand and use the "bottom of the palm" to block the trunk area. The bottom of the palm is called batangson ( 바탕손 ). The wrist should be bent and the blocking technique starts from shoulder level. The finishing point is below the solar plexus area. Palm Heel Inward Blocks are executed against the attacker by quickly pushing their arm away to the right or left side and counterattacking when the procedure is done correctly. The important thing to remember is that the block is moving across the trunk area. The blocking technique is first introduced in Taegeuk #6 Yuk Jang Poomse.

Experienced practitioners learn through repetition and muscle memory when (not just how) to launch particular blocks, based on the circumstances they are facing. Fights and fighters may have ebbs and flows in momentum and action that become predictable. Disrupting this flow may give the striker an advantage.

Palm Heel Inward Block ( 바탕손 안막기 batangson an makgi ) Palm Heel Inward Block ( 바탕손 안막기 batangson an makgi )

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Supported Hand Blade Outward Block ( 손날 거들어 바깥막기 sonnal kodureo makgi )

Intermediate   Tutorial Available

With the hands held open in the knife hand position, a powerful kick aimed at the solar plexus can be successfully blocked. The blocking hand starts from shoulder level with the palm up while you stretch the other hand far from the waist with the palm facing downward at shoulder height level. In the final form, the blocking arm's elbow and the supporting hand should not be touching each other. Remember to keep the wrists straight and the blocking arm is angled 90-120 degrees. Both hands come across the body, intersecting at the forearms and providing a firm defence. In International Taekwondo Federation, this blocking technique is called Knife Hand Guarding Block.

Supported Hand Blade Outward Block ( 손날 거들어 바깥막기 sonnal kodureo makgi ) Supported Hand Blade Outward Block ( 손날 거들어 바깥막기 sonnal kodureo makgi )

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Supported Hand Blade Downward Block ( 손날 거들어 내려막기 sonnal kodureo naeryeo makgi )

Intermediate   Tutorial Available

This blocking technique you make a knifehand low block ( 아래막기 area makgi ) with the other hand supporting to block the lower body with handblades. The blocking hand starts from shoulder level with the palm up while you stretch the other hand far from the waist with the palm facing downward at shoulder height level. In the final form, the blocking arm's elbow and the supporting hand should not be touching each other. The front blocking hand is set above the thigh roughly two fist's gap and the supporting hand is placed one fist below the solar plexus with the wrist aligned to the center of body. Remember to keep the wrists straight.

Supported Hand Blade Downward Block ( sonnal kodureo naeryeo makgi ) Supported Hand Blade Downward Block ( sonnal kodureo naeryeo makgi )

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Cross Block ( 엇걸어막기 otgoreo makgi )

Intermediate

The cross block ( 엇걸어막기 otgoreo makgi ) technique deflects a downward strike such as an axe kick, hammer fist, a stick or a face punch from a taller opponent. This technique starts near the waist on the opposite side of the foot in front. The hand that is on the same side as the foot in front should be under the other hand. Cross your wrists and finish by placing your hands in the center. Remember with both arms and hands in front that your visibility is partially blocked. (aka. X-Block)

Cross Block ( 엇걸어막기 otgoreo makgi ) Cross Block ( 엇걸어막기 otgoreo makgi )

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Hand Blade Twisting Outward Block ( 손날 비틀어 바깥막기 sonnal bitureo bakkat makgi )

Intermediate   Tutorial Available

This twisting block technique uses the blade of your hand to block your face and if successful grab your opponents wrist and counterattack with a knee or kick ( 차기 chagi ). When you block, make sure to turn your waist and upper body sideways and then to twist your hand at the last second. The front leg should be the opposite side of the blocking hand to make the proper posture. The Handblade Twisting Outward Block ( 손날 비틀어 바깥막기 sonnal bitureo bakkat makgi ) is an effective self-defense move if mastered properly. This technique is introduced in Taegeuk #6 Yuk Jang Poomse.

Hand Blade Twisting Outward Block ( sonnal bitureo bakkat makgi ) Hand Blade Twisting Outward Block ( sonnal bitureo bakkat makgi )

 

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Double Block ( 헤쳐막기 hecho makgi )

Intermediate

This technique is used when the hands are crossed and pushed apart to loosen the opponents grip while they are trying to grab you with two hands. The Outside Wrist Double Block ( 바깥팔목 헤쳐막기 bakkat palmok hecho makgi ) is usually followed by grabbing the opponents neck or head and pulling down to attack with the knee. The two fists are as high as shoulder level. Don't let your fists extend outside the body lines. This move is first introduced in Taegeuk #7.

  • bakkat palmok hecho makgi / 바깥팔목 헤쳐막기 / Outside Wrist Double Block
  • Sonnal hecho makgi / 손날 헤쳐막기 / Hand Blade Double Block
  • Sonnal deung hecho makgi / 손날등 헤쳐막기 / Ridge Hand Double Block
  • anpalmok hecho makgi / 안팔목 헤쳐막기 / Inside Wrist Double Block
Double Block ( 헤쳐막기 hecho makgi ) Double Block ( 헤쳐막기 hecho makgi )

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Trunk Push Low Double Block ( 아래 헤쳐막기 arae hecho makgi )

Intermediate   Tutorial Available

This technique requires both forearms to be bent and raised to shoulder height level to form a cross. Then snap both arms straight down like a low block ( 아래막기 arae makgi ) to the right and left sides. This technique blocks any incoming low kicks or low strikes to the side. Remember with both hands down that the upper section is vulnerable to attacks.

Trunk Push Low Double Block ( 아래 헤쳐막기 arae hecho makgi ) Trunk Push Low Double Block ( 아래 헤쳐막기 arae hecho makgi )

 

 

There are five tenets defined in the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) and several more in World Taekwondo (WT).

Courtesy ( Ye Ui / 예의 ): "Showing courtesy to all, respecting others, having manners as well as maintaining the appropriate etiquette at all times, both within and outside the dojang (도장) (designated training area)." View Taekwondo Tenets »

RESOURCES
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "List of Taekwondo Techniques" and "Strike (attack)", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 

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