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Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool

When you reach senior belt you are expected to guide the junior belts when they are beginning Taekwondo such as showing by example. To advance from one rank to the next, students typically complete promotion tests in which they demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art before a panel of judges or their teacher. View Taekwondo belt levels »

Fist Strikes ( 지르기 jireugi )


Physically, taekwondo develops strength, speed, balance, flexibility, and stamina. An example of the union of mental and physical discipline is the breaking of wooden boards, bricks or tiles, which requires both physical mastery of the technique and the concentration to focus one's power.

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Taekwondo hand strikes are performed as a close distance alternative to kicks. They are executed in a number of ways - from standing, jumping, spinning and rushing forwards. Hand strikes make up fast combinations of strikes which can leave an opponent stunned and unable to defend himself.

Various surfaces of the hand may be engaged as the striking surface depending on which area of the opponents body which is being targeted. This leads to a large array of hand positions. Tae Kwon Do also makes use of reverse and front elbow strikes. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Relaxation enables the strike to achieve the greatest possible velocity during travel, while rigidity at impact allows the maximum transfer of force.

(FIST) PUNCH

( (주먹) 지르기 (jumeok) jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner

A punch is a striking blow with the closed fist. A strike commonly performed in karate, kung fu, and taekwondo, originating from a "chambered" position. A fist is an action where a hand has the fingers curled into the palm and the thumb retracted, displaying the knuckles. Strikes should generally be thrown with some measure of shifting body weight supporting the blow, as opposed to just the striking with the fist. Read more »

Punch (momtong jireugi)

JAB STRIKE

Difficulty Level:  Beginner

The jab is a straight blow delivered (generally from a distance) with the arm above the lead foot. The punch is quick and explosive." It is generally used for distraction, keeping distance, setting up, and defense. Strikes should generally be thrown with some measure of shifting body weight supporting the blow, as opposed to just the striking with the elbow. Strikes should aim for a point 4–6 inches (10–15 cm) behind the target surface, to impart the most energy into the target. Read more »

Jab Strike

 

FRONT HAND MIDDLE PUNCH

( 몸통 반대 지르기 momtong-bandae-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner

A punch that uses the same arm as the front leg to throw a punch to the opponent. The movement carries the weight of the body and power comes from turning the body. Strikes should generally be thrown with some measure of shifting body weight supporting the blow, as opposed to just the striking with the fist. Read more »

Front Hand Middle Punch ( 몸통 반대 지르기 momtong-bandae-jireugi )

REVERSE (REAR HAND) MIDDLE PUNCH

( 몸통 바로 지르기 momtong-baro-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner

A punch that uses the same arm as the back leg to throw a punch to the opponent. The movement carries the weight of the body and power comes from turning the body. Strikes should generally be thrown with some measure of shifting body weight supporting the blow, as opposed to just the striking with the fist. Read more »

Rear Hand Middle Punch ( 몸통 바로 지르기 momtong-baro-jireugi )

 

VERTICAL PUNCH

( 세워지르기 sewo-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

This technique is executed turning the body and striking with the fist turned vertically. You can gain power by using the turning force. A fist is an action where a hand has the fingers curled into the palm and the thumb retracted, displaying the knuckles. Strikes should generally be thrown with some measure of shifting body weight supporting the blow, as opposed to just the striking with the elbow. Read more »

Vertical Punch ( 세워지르기 sewo-jireugi )

TURNING PUNCH

( 돌려지르기 dollyeo-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

This technique strikes the side of the opponent's face or trunk. The strike is delivered in a circular motion and the opponent is standing right in front. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Read more »

TURNING PUNCH ( 돌려지르기 Dollyeo-jireugi )

 

 

 

 

 

 

'C' SHAPE PUNCH

( ‘ㄷ’자지르기 digeutja-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

This technique delivers a punch to the face while the other one does a turn over punch. The strike forms the shape of a Korean letter ‘ㄷ.’ Strikers may combine techniques in a series to ensure one or more strikes impact their opponents. Read more »

C SHAPE PUNCH ( ‘ㄷ’자지르기 Digeutja-jireugi )

TARGET PUNCH

( 표적지르기 pyojeok-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

This technique requires you to strike an imaginary target made with the other hand. Remember to keep the punching arm straight and the other arm in a relaxed position. The wrist must also be kept in proper alignment during a fist strike. Read more »

TARGET PUNCH ( 표적지르기 Pyojeok-jireugi )

 

FORK PUNCH

( 쳇다리지르기 chetdar-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

This strike has both arms extending in the shape of a fork aimed at the trunk of an opponent. Remember proper breathing techniques and body control. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Read more »

Fork Punch ( 쳇다리지르기 chetdar-jireugi )

KEUMGANG PUNCH

( 금강지르기 keumgang-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

This technique requires you to punch to the side and block upward (olgul makgi) at the same time. This strike is named after the Geumgang yeoksa statue (the Diamond Warrior, whose role was to protect the Buddhist temples during the period of the Silla dynasty in ancient Korea). Read more »

Keumgang Punch ( 금강지르기 keumgang-jireugi )

 

PULLING AND PUNCHING

( 당겨지르기 danggyeo-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

A technique of pulling the opponent by the collar with one hand and delivering a blow to the opponent’s chin or solar plexus with the fist turned over in an upward motion. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Read more »

Pulling and Punching ( 당겨지르기 danggyeo-jireugi )

SIDE PUNCH

( 옆지르기 yeop-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

This technique requires the turning force of the body and striking from the side. The body is facing the front and your head is turned to where you are striking. A fist is an action where a hand has the fingers curled into the palm and the thumb retracted, displaying the knuckles. Strikes should generally be thrown with some measure of shifting body weight supporting the blow, as opposed to just the striking with the elbow. Read more »

Side Punch ( 옆지르기 Yeop-jireugi )

 

 

 

 

 

 

TURN OVER PUNCH

( 젖혀지르기 jeocheo-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

This technique strikes the opponents ribs from the bottom up. The fist is turned over and you need to be close to your opponent. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Read more »

Turn Over Punch ( 젖혀지르기 jeocheo-jireugi )

LIFT PUNCH

( 치지르기 chi-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

This technique strikes the chin of the opponent's face. The strike is delivered in a vertically upward motion and the opponent is standing right in front. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Read more »

Lift Punch ( 치지르기 chi-jireugi )

 

EXTENDED KNUCKLE FIST

( 밤주먹 지르기 bamjumeok-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

Hand strikes can be delivered with an extended knuckle, rather than the classic fist configuration used for a traditional punch. One of the fingers is moved forwards so that the impact is made with the knuckle, concentrating force onto a smaller area. Most commonly the middle knuckle of the middle finger is protruded. Read more »

Extended Knuckle Fist ( 밤주먹 지르기 bamjumeok-jireugi )

DOWNWARD PUNCH

( 내려지르기 naeryeo-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

This technique is usually used to break a target (ex.boards) or to attack an opponent on the ground. The strike is executed by punching downward while lowering one's back. Strikes should generally be thrown with some measure of shifting body weight supporting the blow, as opposed to just the striking with the elbow. Read more »

Downward Punch ( 내려지르기 naeryeo-jireugi )

 

FOUR-KNUCKLE STRIKE

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

This is a fist shape particular to the Asian martial arts. Instead of closing the fist completely, the fingers are held out and only the knuckles are bent, thereby presenting the upper set of knuckles as the striking surface. This fist is used for breaking boards as the smaller surface area concentrates the punches power. In self-defence, it may be used to purposefully break an attacker's jaw.

 

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Taekwondo hand strikes are performed as a close distance alternative to kicks. They are executed in a number of ways - from standing, jumping, spinning and rushing forwards. Hand strikes make up fast combinations of strikes which can leave an opponent stunned and unable to defend himself.

Risk of injury can be reduced by completing an effective warm up consisting of a heart raiser to get your pulse up, followed by sport specific dynamic stretches (stretches whilst moving). Please follow the guidance of a certified Master Instructor or trainer when doing sports related activities. Depending on the intensity of the exercise, cooling down can involve a slow jog or walk, or with lower intensities, stretching can be used. Cooling down allows the heart rate to return to its resting rate. View more information on Warming Up and Cooling Down ».

This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "Warming Up" and "Cooling Down", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "List of Taekwondo Techniques", "Fist (hand)" and "Strikes (attack)", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 

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