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About Palgwe #4 Sa Jang


Poomse is the foundation for the teaching of Taekwondo. A poomse, or form, is a detailed pattern of defense-and-attack motions and techniques used in traditional martial arts. Poomse is useful in developing proper kinetics, mental and physical fortitude.

Palgwe #4 ( Sa Jang )


Meaning: Thunder

Movements: approx 29

Difficulty Level:   Intermediate

Grade Level: 6th Geup

Ranking: Green Belt

Style: World Taekwondo (WT)

Palgwe #4 Sa Jang World Taekwondo (WT) Poomse 품새
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This trigram represents Thunder. Also, the trigram is strongly connected to northeast and the relationship of the Eldest son. Thunder comes from the sky and is absorbed by the earth, thus, according to the beliefs of the I Ching, thunder is one of the most powerful natural forces. This poomse is associated with power and the connection between the heavens and earth. This poomse is intended to be performed with power resembling the Thunder for which it is named.

The Palgwe forms are a slightly older, somewhat similar supplemental group of World Taekwondo (WT) poomse. There are eight Palgwe forms that also represent eight trigrams from I-Ching. Palgwe poomse were used from 1967 to 1971. Taegeuk poomse have been in use from 1971 to the present time. Kukkiwon states that Palgwe poomse have been eliminated though some schools still teach them.


Low Side Block (arae yeop makgi) Supported Knifehand Block Palm Pressing Block Middle Punch Supporting Vertical Thrust ( 거들어 세워찌르기 kodureo-sewo-jjireugi ) Hammer Hand Outward Strike ( 메주먹 바깥치기 mejumeok-bakkat-chigi ) Pulling and Punching ( 당겨지르기 danggyeo-jireugi ) Hand Blade Side Strike ( 손날 옆치기 sonnal-yeop-chigi ) Front Kick Attention stance Ready stance Front stance Back Stance Horse Stance Parallel Stance (naranhi sogi) Bow (kyeong nye)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Palgwe #4 Sa Jang Poomse Map World Taekwondo (WT) Poomse 품새

 

Key Points

  • Posture. Practitioners must have their body weight correctly distributed during each different stance and during footwork. Each technique must be correctly aligned.
  • Realism. Taekwondo patterns are the learning ground for real combat. As such, every technique must display the requisite speed, power and firmness to be realistically used as an attack or defense move.
  • Spirit. A competitor's 'presence' on the mat must be as credible as his/her technique. Self belief, confidence in abilities, and intention to perform to a personal best are tangible virtues considered indispensable in Taekwondo practitioners.
  • Decorum. Proper manners must be displayed when interacting with the judges directly before and after the pattern. Respect must also be extended to rival competitors, clubs and other officials.
  • Form. General qualities that judges look for in any Taekwondo practitioner include proper breathing technique and body control. The diaphragm must be engaged in deep breathing, shallow breathing concentrated in the upper abdomen results in raised shoulders and stressed muscles. The muscles of the body should be lightly relaxed in order to perform the pattern with fluidity, speed and grace. Muscles should only be tensed at the moment of imaginary impact in order to commute maximum power to any individual Taekwondo technique.

 

 

 

 

Question. What is the korean terminology for Back Stance?

This stance is specifically focused on shifting weight to the back leg, as it offers much more control, and makes it easier to kick off the front leg. To perform this stance, the body faces to the side, with the front foot facing forward and the front leg bent. The back leg is bent slightly and the foot is turned outwards perpendicular to the front foot making the letter "L" for this stance.

 

Question. What is the korean terminology for Palm Heel Pressing Block?

A standard block used to deflect incoming kicks and punches. Open the hand and use the "bottom of the palm" to block the trunk area. The bottom of the palm is called batangson ( 바탕손 ). The open hand is raised up to shoulder height and thrust directly down to meet the attackers hand or limb.

 


Palgwe Forms

The Palgwe forms are a slightly older, somewhat similar supplemental group of World Taekwondo (WT) poomse. There are eight Palgwe forms that also represent eight trigrams from I-Ching. Palgwe poomse were used from 1967 to 1971. Taegeuk poomse have been in use from 1971 to the present time. Kukkiwon states that Palgwe poomse have been eliminated though some schools still teach them. View more information about Palgwe Forms »

palgwe 1 palgwe 2 palgwe 3 palgwe 4 palgwe 5 palgwe 6 palgwe 7 palgwe 8

 

General qualities that judges look for in any taekwondo practitioner include proper breathing technique and body control. The diaphragm must be engaged in deep breathing, shallow breathing concentrated in the upper abdomen results in raised shoulders and stressed muscles. The muscles of the body should be lightly relaxed in order to perform the pattern with fluidity, speed and grace. Muscles should only be tensed at the moment of imaginary impact in order to commute maximum power to any individual taekwondo technique. For more information View Key Points »

RESOURCES
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "Taegeuk" and "Hyeong", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 

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