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Promotion from one geup to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan. Many of the older and more traditional schools often take longer to allow students to test for higher ranks than newer, more contemporary schools, as they may not have the required testing intervals. View Taekwondo belt levels »
A kick (차기 chagi) is a physical strike using the foot, leg, or knee. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Relaxation enables the strike to achieve the greatest possible velocity during travel, while rigidity at impact allows the maximum transfer of force.
Difficulty Level: Advanced Technique: Kick ( 차기 chagi )
This kick is also known as a heel kick, back roundhouse kick, reverse turning kick, reverse round kick, spinning hook kick, spin kick, or wheel kick. In Korean, the spin hook kick is referred to as bandae dollyeo chagi (반대 돌려 차기) or dwi huryeo chagi (뒤후려차기).
The spin hook kick ( 뒤후려차기 dwi huryeo chagi ) traditionally uses the heel area to strike with for knockout potential in sparring competitions. The striking surfaces could be the back of the heel ( dwikkumchi 뒤꿈치 ), bottom of the heel ( dwichuk 뒤축 ), or the sole area of the foot ( balbadak 발바닥 ). The kicking leg comes from around the kicker's back, remains straight to the side, and whips across to attack the opponent. The kick can be delivered as an offensive or defensive technique. Remember to look over your shoulder when delivering the spin hook kick to accurately target where you're kicking and to maintain a firm balance. It is common to slightly bend the knee of the leg one is standing on when executing this kick. As in all Taekwondo kicks, one will also try to get ones "hip into the kick", resulting perhaps in a slight shift of weight.
Variations exist for low, middle and high height. A low reverse roundhouse is also known as a Sweep Kick. Spinning and leaping variations of the kick are also popular, and are often showcased in film and television media.
A different variation of the spin hook kick that is similarly named also exists. It is literally a reverse hook kick performed by turning as if for a spinning back kick but executing a hook kick in the end instead of a full circular arc. This kick strikes with the ball of the foot for power or the top of the foot for range.
In Olympic format (sport) taekwondo, this technique is performed using the balls of the feet, and in a manner similar to a back thrust hook kick, rather than the full circular technique adopted in other styles of Martial Arts.
Students often undergo periodic testing and grading by their own Master Instructor ( 사범님 sabeomnim ) in order to advance to a higher level of recognized achievement such as a different belt color. They need to demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art such as the execution of patterns ( 품새 poomse ), which combine various techniques in specific sequences.
Spin Hook Kick ( 뒤후려차기 dwi huryeo chagi ) is a requirement for the below belt levels (Techniques vary between schools). Promotion from one belt level to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan black belt. View Promotion Tests »
The spin hook kick is mainly used to strike the jaw area of an opponent, but is also highly effective in the temple region for a knockout attempt. As in all Taekwondo kicks, one will also try to get ones "hip into the kick", resulting perhaps in a slight shift of weight. Speed is considered the most important component of developing power in taekwondo and remember to concentrate the area of impact into as small an area as possible.
Question. What is the korean terminology for Palm Heel Pressing Block?
A standard block used to deflect incoming kicks and punches. Open the hand and use the "bottom of the palm" to block the trunk area. The bottom of the palm is called batangson ( 바탕손 ). The open hand is raised up to shoulder height and thrust directly down to meet the attackers hand or limb.
Taekwondo Kicks (차기 chagi)
A kick (차기 chagi) is a physical strike using the foot, leg, or knee. As the human leg is longer and stronger than the arm, kicks are generally used to keep an opponent at a distance, surprise him or her with their range, and inflict substantial damage. On the other hand, stance is very important in any combat system, and any attempt to deliver a kick will necessarily compromise one's stability of stance. For more information View Taekwondo Kicks (차기 chagi) »
- History of Kicking
- Front Kick ( 앞차기 ap chagi )
- Side Kick ( 옆차기 yeop chagi )
- Roundhouse ( 돌려차기 dollyeo chagi )
- Spin Kick ( 뒤후려차기 dwi huryeo chagi )
- Jump Kick ( 뛰어차기 ttwieo chagi )
- Scissors Kick ( 가위차기 gawi-chagi )
- Repeating Kick ( 거듭차기 geodeup-chagi )
- Repeating Turn Kick ( 거듭 돌려차기 geodeup-dollyeo-chagi )
- Repeating Side kick ( 거듭 옆차기 geodeup-yeop-chagi )
- Jumping Flip Kick ( 공중제비차기 gongjungjebi-chagi )
- Multi direction Kick ( 다방향차기 dabangyang-chagi )
- Whirl Kick Dolgaechagi ( 돌개차기 dolgae-chagi )
- Flying Kick ( 두발당성차기 dubaldangseong-chagi )
- Holding Kick ( 잡고차기 japgo-chagi )
- Target Kick ( 표적차기 pyojeok-chagi )
- 360º Back Whip Kick ( 360도 뒤후려차기 360º dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- 540º Back Whip Kick ( 540도 뒤후려차기 540º dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- Back Kick ( 뒤차기 dwi chagi )
- Hook Kick ( 후려차기 huryeo chagi )
- Axe Kick ( 내려차기 naeryeo chagi )
- Crescent Kick ( 바깥차기 bakkat chagi )
- 540º Whirl Kick ( 540º 돌개차기 )
- 720º Whirl Kick ( 720º 돌개차기 )
- Pushing Kick ( 밀어차기 mireo-chagi )
- Counter Kick ( 받아차기 bada-chagi )
- Rear Foot Counter Kick ( 뒷발 받아차기 dwitbal-bada-chagi )
- Front Foot Counter Kick ( 앞발 받아차기 apbal-bada-chagi )
- Skipping Kick ( 발붙여차기 balbucheo-chagi )
- Twisting Kick ( 비틀어차기 biteureo-chagi )
- Inward Kick ( 안차기 an-chagi )
- Alternating Kick ( 이어차기 ieo-chagi )
- Jumping Back Whip Kick ( 뛰어 뒤후려차기 ttwieo-dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- Skipping Whip Kick ( 발붙여 후려차기 japgo-balbutyeo-huryeo-chagi )
- Front Foot Whip Kick ( 앞발 후려차기 apbal-huryeo-chagi )
- Knee Upward Strike ( 무릎 올려치기 mureup ollyeo chigi )
Risk of injury can be reduced by completing an effective warm up consisting of a heart raiser to get your pulse up, followed by sport specific dynamic stretches (stretches whilst moving). Please follow the guidance of a certified Master Instructor or trainer when doing sports related activities. Depending on the intensity of the exercise, cooling down can involve a slow jog or walk, or with lower intensities, stretching can be used. Cooling down allows the heart rate to return to its resting rate. View more information on Warming Up and Cooling Down ».
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "Warming Up" and "Cooling Down", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Kick" which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.