taekwondo preschool

taekwondo preschool

 

Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool

About Poomse 품새


Poomse is the foundation for the teaching of taekwondo. A poomse or form is a detailed pattern of defense-and-attack motions and techniques used in traditional martial arts. Poomse is useful in developing proper kinetics, mental and physical fortitude.

A poomse is a systematic, prearranged sequence of techniques that is performed either with or without the use of a weapon. In traditional dojangs (training halls), poomse are used primarily as a form of interval training that is useful in developing mushin, proper kinetics and mental and physical fortitude. Poomse may resemble combat, but are artistically non-combative and woven together so as to be an effective conditioning tool.

The Kukkiwon uses the word poomse for form. Poomse philosophy originates from the book 'I Ching', a Chinese oracle. The I Ching has 64 hexagrams, a combination of two sets of three lines, closed or broken. The sets of three lines are called "trigrams". The open lines represent Yin, the solid lines Yang. In the Chinese language, the unity of Yin and Yang is called 'taich'i'. In the Korean language, the unity is called taegeuk. This explains the term poomse taegeuk. The eight trigrams together are called Pal-gwe as in poomse palgwe.

Most Kukkiwon schools will use the poomse taegeuk whereas a few schools will use the poomse palgwe. The meanings, trigrams and symbols are shared by both poomse taegeuk and poomse palgwe, however the sequence of movements is different. The first 8 forms of the set of poomse differ from each other, whereas the last 9 forms (Black Belt forms) of the set are shared between the two sets.

World Taekwondo (WT) Taegeuk 태극

Taegeuk (in World Taekwondo (WT)) refers to a set of poomse used to create a foundation for the teaching of taekwondo. A poomse or form is a detailed pattern of defense-and-attack motions and techniques used in traditional martial arts. Poomse is often romanized as poomsae or pumsae. The word taeguek (the Korean pronunciation of Taiji/T'ai Chi) refers to the important principle in east Asian Taoist thought of the union of yin and yang. View more information about Taegeuk 태극 »

In order to receive a black belt the student must perform all taegeuk forms consecutively. Each Dan (degree of black belt) also has its own associated form, required for belt testing. The first degree form for the World Taekwondo (WT) is called Koryo.

All students studying in World Taekwondo (WT) Kukkiwon style must learn these forms, or taegeuk, to advance to a higher belt level. There are eight taegeuk forms, each one similar to the previous one, but each time with more complicated techniques to display the students' mastery of the techniques learned during lessons, as well as the ability to interconnect these techniques.

Each taegeuk form symbolizes a specific state thought to be indicative of the belt the student currently holds, and is represented in World Taekwondo (WT) by trigrams similar to those found in the four corners of the South Korean flag. Various schools sometimes insert one of a variety of other forms before the first taegeuk (taegeuk il-jang) such as "Basic #1 Pattern »".

White Belt taegeuk 1 taegeuk 2 taegeuk 3 taegeuk 4 taegeuk 5 taegeuk 6 taegeuk 7 taegeuk 8

 

World Taekwondo (WT) Palgwe Forms

The palgwe forms are a slightly older, somewhat similar supplemental group of World Taekwondo (WT) poomse. There are eight palgwe forms that also represent eight trigrams from I-Ching. Palgwe poomse were used from 1967 to 1971. Taegeuk poomse have been in use from 1971 to the present time. Kukkiwon states that palgwe poomse have been eliminated though some schools still teach them. View more information about Palgwe »

White Belt palgwe 1 palgwe 2 palgwe 3 palgwe 4 palgwe 5 palgwe 6 palgwe 7 palgwe 8

 

World Taekwondo (WT) Black Belt Forms

Each dan (degree of black belt) also has its own associated pattern that is required for black belt testing. The forms have a higher degree of difficulty in taekwondo techniques. View more information about Black Belt section ».

 

 

 

 

 

 

International Taekwondo Federation

International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) Tul Forms

The International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) has its own sequence of poomse. They are named after figures from Korean history. The first nine, which are required for 1st degree black belt, are named after significant Korean historical figures or concepts: cheongji, dangun, dosan, wonhyo, yulgok, joonggun, toegye, hwarang, and chung mu.

International Taekwondo Federation

There are 24 patterns in the official ITF syllabus; this is symbolic of the 24 hours in a day. One additional pattern, Ko-Dang (or Go-Dang), was retired/replaced by Juche in 1986 by General Choi Hong Hi. Ko-Dang and Juche are similar, and some Taekwon-do organizations have renamed Juche to Ko-Dang though most perform the newer pattern. The names of these patterns typically refer either to events in Korean history or to important people in Korean history. Elements of the patterns may also be historical references, such as the number of moves, the diagram, the way the pattern ends, and so on.

View ITF Tuls Main Page ».

Theory of Power

Choi Hong Hi advocated a relax and strike principle for taekwondo; in other words, between blocks, kicks, and strikes the practitioner should relax the body, then tense the muscles only while performing the technique. It is believed that this too increases the power of the technique, by conserving the body's energy. He expanded on this principle with his advocacy of the "sine wave" technique. This involves raising one's center of gravity between techniques, then lowering it as the technique is performed, producing the up-and-down movement from which the term "sine wave" is derived.

saju jireugi saju makgi cheonji dangun dosan wonhyo yulgok joonggun toigye hwarang chungmu

 

International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) Black Belt Forms

Each Dan (degree of black belt) also has its own associated form/pattern that is required for black belt testing. The forms have a higher degree of difficulty in Taekwondo techniques.

  • Kwang Gae (39 Movements) 1st dan
  • Po-Eun (36 Movements) 1st dan
  • Ge-Baek (44 Movements) 1st dan
  • Eui-Am (45 Movements) 2nd dan
  • Choong-Jang (52 Movements) 2nd dan
  • Juche (45 Movements)/Ko-Dang (39 Movements) 2nd dan
  • Sam-Il (33 Movements) 3rd dan
  • Yoo-Sin (68 Movements) 3rd dan
  • Choi-Yong (46 Movements) 3rd dan
  • Yon-Gae (49 Movements) 4th dan
  • Ul-Ji (42 Movements) 4th dan
  • Moon-Moo (61 Movements) 4th dan
  • So-San (72 Movements) 5th dan
  • Se-Jong (24 Movements) 5th dan
  • Tong-Il (56 Movements) 6th dan

 

Question. What is the korean terminology for Ready Stance?

Ready Stance refers to the most common ready position used in Tae Kwon Do training. Ready Stance is performed by standing with the feet one foot-length from origin apart, measured from the outside edge (Foot Sword) of the feet, with arms slightly bent and loosely held fists about one fist size apart just below the navel and the fists should be a fist size away from the body.

 

 

 

 

 

 

iBooks on your Mac or iOS device

Take the training on the go as a method of personal growth or recreation.

These books are available for download with iBooks on your Mac or iOS device, and with iTunes on your computer. Books can be read with iBooks on your Mac or iOS device. View on Apple iTunes! Available Now!

 

Stances ( 서기 sogi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version Stances ( 서기 sogi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version Stances ( 서기 sogi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version

Stances ( 서기 sogi )

The Korean martial arts has several stances ( 서기 sogi ) used for different activities. Although there are strong similarities in stances throughout taekwondo schools, individual instructors often have their own preferred style. These stances are most commonly seen in taekwondo forms, and are critical for balance, precision, and good technique in the martial art.
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Blocking ( 막기 makgi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version Blocking ( 막기 makgi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version Blocking ( 막기 makgi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version

Blocking ( 막기 makgi )

In martial arts, blocking ( 막기 makgi ) is the act of stopping or deflecting an opponent's attack for the purpose of preventing injurious contact with the body. A block usually consists of placing a limb across the line of the attack. Blocks are considered by some to be the most direct and least subtle of defensive techniques.
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Kicking ( 차기 chagi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version Kicking ( 차기 chagi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version Kicking ( 차기 chagi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version

Kicking ( 차기 chagi )

A kick (차기 chagi) is a physical strike using the foot, leg, or knee. As the human leg is longer and stronger than the arm, kicks are generally used to keep an opponent at a distance, surprise him or her with their range, and inflict substantial damage. On the other hand, stance is very important in any combat system, and any attempt to deliver a kick will necessarily compromise one's stability of stance.
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Fist Strikes ( 지르기 jireugi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version Fist Strikes ( 지르기 jireugi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version Fist Strikes ( 지르기 jireugi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version

Fist Strikes ( 지르기 jireugi )

Taekwondo hand strikes are performed as a close distance alternative to kicks. They are executed in a number of ways - from standing, jumping, spinning and rushing forwards. Hand strikes make up fast combinations of strikes which can leave an opponent stunned and unable to defend himself.
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Strikes ( 치기 chigi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version Strikes ( 치기 chigi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version Strikes ( 치기 chigi ) - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version

Strikes ( 치기 chigi )

Various surfaces of the hand may be engaged as the striking surface depending on which area of the opponents body which is being targeted. Striking ( 치기 chigi ) are techniques striking with twisting force of body excluding techniques using fist or fingertips. Thrusting ( 찌르기 Jjireugi ) are techniques striking with finger tips. Chopping ( 찍기 Jjikgi ) are techniques striking with curled fingers. This leads to a large array of hand positions.
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History of Taekwondo - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version History of Taekwondo - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version History of Taekwondo - Taekwondo Preschool iBook version

History of Taekwondo

The oldest Korean martial art was an amalgamation of unarmed combat styles developed by the three rival Korean Kingdoms of Goguryeo, Silla, and Baekje, where young men were trained in unarmed combat techniques to develop strength, speed, and survival skills. The most popular of these techniques was ssireum and subak with taekkyeon being the most popular of the segments of subak.
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RESOURCES
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "Taegeuk" and "Hyeong" which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 

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