Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool

When you reach senior belt you are expected to guide the junior belts when they are beginning Taekwondo such as showing by example. To advance from one rank to the next, students typically complete promotion tests in which they demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art before a panel of judges or their teacher. View Taekwondo belt levels »

Taekwondo Preschool

Stance ( 서기 sogi )

Physically, taekwondo develops strength, speed, balance, flexibility, and stamina. The Korean martial arts has several stances (서기 sogi / seogi) used for different activities. Practitioners must have their body weight correctly distributed during each different stance and during footwork. Each technique must be correctly aligned.

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The Korean martial arts has several stances ( 서기 sogi / seogi ) used for different activities. Although there are strong similarities in stances throughout taekwondo schools, individual instructors often have their own preferred style. These stances are most commonly seen in taekwondo forms, and are critical for balance, precision, and good technique in the martial art.

ATTENTION STANCE

( 차렷 charyeot )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner Level   Tutorial Available

Attention is a stance where your body is in an upright standing position with the legs side by side, heels touching, toes facing straight forward. Your hands should be parallel with your body, to the side. From this stance instructors explain what will be taught during the class session and/or if they want your attention they say Charyeot, meaning you stop whatever you are doing and get into the stance awaiting further instructions. This is the stance that all bows come from. Read more »

Attention Stance ( 차렷 charyeot ) Attention Stance ( 차렷 charyeot )

READY STANCE

( 기본준비 junbi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner Level   Tutorial Available

Ready Stance refers to the most common ready position used in taekwondo training. Ready Stance is performed by standing with the feet one foot-length from origin apart, measured from the outside edge (Foot Sword) of the feet, with arms slightly bent and loosely held fists about one fist size apart just below the navel and the fists should be a fist size away from the body. Read more »

Ready Stance ( 기본준비 junbi ) Ready Stance ( 기본준비 junbi )

 

 

WALKING STANCE

( 앞서기 ap-sogi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner Level   Tutorial Available

Ap sogi is used to approach or retreat in combat and poomse. Feet should be maintained 3 foot-length from origin. To maintain a solid base, the front foot is facing straight forward and the back foot is 30 degrees to aid balance. Both legs are straight and the inner sides of both feet should be on a straight line. The body is turned 45 degrees to the natural angle and the weight is evenly distributed on both legs. Read more »

Walking Stance ( 앞서기 ap sogi ) Walking Stance ( 앞서기 ap sogi )

FRONT STANCE

( 앞굽이 ap-kubi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner Level   Tutorial Available

Front stance is used when mobility is important. It is also a precursor of the fighting stance according to some authors. Body should be relaxed. From the attention stance with feet together, one foot is placed straight ahead of the other. Some style teaches to step side way slightly. The distance between the inside edges of both feet should be between one to two fists apart and is about 4 to 4 one-half foot-length from origin. Read more »

Front Stance ( 앞굽이 ap kubi ) Front Stance ( 앞굽이 ap kubi )

 

 

BACK STANCE

( 뒷굽이 dwi-kubi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate Level   Tutorial Available

This stance is specifically focused on shifting weight to the back leg, as it offers much more control, and makes it easier to kick off the front leg. To perform this stance, the body faces to the side, with the front foot facing forward and the front leg bent. The back leg is bent slightly and the foot is turned outwards perpendicular to the front foot making the letter "L" for this stance. Read more »

Back Stance ( 뒷굽이 dwi kubi ) Back Stance ( 뒷굽이 dwi kubi )

CAT OR TIGER STANCE

( 범서기 beom-sogi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate Level   Tutorial Available

Stand with your front foot facing forwards and the back foot turned 30 degrees to the side, keep the feet quite close together. The knees should not spread apart. Shift most of your weight to the back foot around 90%, so the front foot is 10% and only for balance aid. Read more »

Cat / Tiger Stance ( 범서기 beom sogi ) Cat / Tiger Stance ( 범서기 beom sogi )

 

 

 

 

 

 

HORSE-RIDING STANCE

( 주춤서기 juchum-sogi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner Level   Tutorial Available

The sitting stance is generally used to practice punches. It is similar to the ready stance but feet are placed much wider, about two-foot length's apart. Also, the knees are deeply bent. The shins should be kept perpendicular to the floor. This requires the knees to move outwards away from the body. Read more »

HORSE-RIDING STANCE ( 주춤서기 juchum sogi ) HORSE-RIDING STANCE ( 주춤서기 juchum sogi )

COVERED FIST READY STANCE

( 보주먹준비 bojumeok-junbi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate Level   Tutorial Available

Stance is performed in an upright standing position with the legs side by side, heels touching, toes slightly apart. Cover the right fist with the left hand and lift them up from the solar plexus to the target area. Put all of your strength into the right hand since that is the attacking hand. Read more »

COVERED FIST READY STANCE ( 보주먹준비 bojumeok junbi ) COVERED FIST READY STANCE ( 보주먹준비 bojumeok junbi )

 

 

FORWARD CROSS STANCE

( 앞 꼬아서기 ap-koa-sogi )

Cross Stance ( 꼬아서기 koa-sogi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate Level   Tutorial Available

This stance is used to quickly move sideways in which the front leg is supported by the ball of foot of the back leg. Draw one foot sideways over the front of the other foot and place the sole of foot flat onto the ground. The front soles should be close to each other when you cross and the back foot is angled at around 30 degrees. Read more »

Forward Cross Stance ( 앞 꼬아서기 ap koa sogi )

REAR CROSS STANCE

( 뒤 꼬아서기 dwi-koa-sogi )

Cross Stance ( 꼬아서기 koa-sogi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate Level   Tutorial Available

The weight is rested on the front foot which is facing 45 degrees. The back leg closely follows behind the front foot where you would draw one foot behind the other. The foot in the back should be supported by the ball of foot. The back foot should support the center of your body. Read more »

Rear Cross Stance ( 뒤 꼬아서기 dwi koa sogi )

 

 

LEFT SIDE STANCE

( 왼 서기 wen-sogi )

Side Stance 'L' Shape ( 옆서기 yeop-sogi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate Level   Tutorial Available

For the "wen-sogi", pivot the left heel 90 degrees to the left from a parallel stance. The right foot is facing straight forward. The stance should be one foot-length apart and both legs are straight. Read more »

Left Side Stance ( 왼 서기 wen sogi )

RIGHT SIDE STANCE

( 오른 서기 oreun-sogi )

Side Stance 'L' Shape ( 옆서기 yeop-sogi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate Level   Tutorial Available

The "oreun-sogi", pivot the right heel 90 degrees to the right from a parallel stance. The left foot is facing straight forward. The stance should be one foot-length apart and both legs are straight. Read more »

Right Side Stance ( 오른 서기 oreun sogi )

 

 

PARALLEL STANCE

( 나란히서기 naranhi-sogi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner Level   Tutorial Available

Stance is performed by standing with the inner edge of both feet about one foot-length apart and the toes are facing straight forward. The legs should be straight, eyes look forward, and the arms position will depend on the technique being used. Read more »

Parallel Stance ( 나란히서기 naranhi sogi )

TWO FIST READY STANCE

( 두주먹허리준비 dujumeok-heori-junbi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner Level   Tutorial Available

This stance has both hands making a fist on the side of the waist. The center of gravity is evenly distributed to both legs. Keep both legs straight and toes pointing straight forward. Read more »

Two Fist Ready Stance ( 두주먹허리준비 Dujumeok heori junbi )

 

 

CRANE STANCE

( 학다리서기 hakdari-sogi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced Level   Tutorial Available

Lift one foot like a crane and place the blade of the foot on the innerside of the other knee. Bend your knees and lower the body like a riding stance. The raised knee should be facing forward as well as the supporting foot. The knees should not be facing outward. This is a preparatory stance for an attack to the opponent such as a sidekick to the side. Read more »

Crane Stance ( 학다리서기 hakdari sogi )

INNER KNEE STANCE

( 오금서기 ogum-sogi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced Level   Tutorial Available

Lift one foot like a crane and place the instep of the foot on the area opposite of the knee called ogum. Bend your knees and lower the body like a riding stance. The supporting foot should be facing forward. The stance can be used to step in and attack the opponent with a spearhand strike. Read more »

Inner Knee Stance ( 오금서기 ogum-sogi )

 

 

FIGHTING STANCE

( 겨루기준비 gyeorugi-junbi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner Level   Tutorial Available

This stance varies with the martial art and practitioner, but is the basic all-purpose stance used in sparring and combat. Common features across the arts include turning the body to the side to present a smaller target, slightly bent knees for balance and agility, feet about two shoulder widths apart, and hands up, protecting the head. Read more »

FIGHTING STANCE ( 겨루기준비 gyeorugi junbi ) FIGHTING STANCE ( 겨루기준비 gyeorugi junbi )

OVERLAPPED HAND POSTURE

( 겹손준비 gyeopson-junbi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced Level   Tutorial Available

This stance has both hands overlapped across each other in the shape of a cross. The left hand palm is on top of the right hand. Leave about a fist size distance between the hands and lower stomach ( danjung  / abdominal area ). The center of gravity is evenly distributed to both legs. Read more »

OVERLAPPED HAND POSTURE ( 겹손준비 Gyeopson-junbi ) OVERLAPPED HAND POSTURE ( 겹손준비 Gyeopson-junbi )

 

 

LOG PUSHING POSTURE

( 통밀기준비 tongmilgi-junbi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced Level   Tutorial Available

This stance has both hands appearing to push a log slowly with the two palms. You begin the movement by imagining that you are pulling a piece of log thats flowing on water toward your chest while you breathe in. Then use the handblades to push the log out slowly and breathe out. The height of your fingers should be around the upper lip area. Read more »

Log Pushing Posture ( 통밀기준비 Tongmilgi-junbi )

ASSISTING STANCE

( 곁다리서기 gyeotdari-sogi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced Level   Tutorial Available

Both knees are bent and lowered with the center of balance on the front foot. The assisting rear foot is used to keep control the center of balance by touching the big toe on the inside edge of the front foot and the heel of the rear foot is lifted off the ground. Read more »

Assisting Stance ( 곁다리서기 gyeotdari-sogi )

 

 

 

 

 

 

CLOSED STANCE

( 모아서기 moa-sogi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner Level

The inside edges of both feet are closed together and both the knees are straightened. Make sure to stand upright and the toes are facing straight forward. This stance is to focus the practitioners mind and relieve physical tension before or after poomse practice.

  • dwichuk-moa-sogi / 뒤축 모아서기 / Heel Closed Stance
  • apchuk-moa-sogi / 앞축 모아서기 / Toe Closed Stance
  • DIAGONAL STANCE

    ( 모서기 mo-sogi )

    Difficulty Level:  Beginner Level

    This stance is used to attack or evade an opponent where both feet are turned diagonally. The center of gravity is evenly distributed to both legs for effective and fast mobility. Proper footwork is used to enable the proper balancing of the body, to support combinations of strikes and launch strikes from the proper angle or distance. This is among the most complex elements of striking, as power ultimately flows from the legs in striking and optimizing the ability to throw combinations involves precise footwork.

     

     

    AT EASE STANCE

    ( 편히서기 pyeoni-sogi )

    Difficulty Level:  Beginner Level   Tutorial Available

    Stance is performed by standing with the inner edge of both feet about one foot-length apart and the toes are facing outwards. The legs should be straight, eyes look forward, and the arms will be in a relaxed position. Read more »

    AT EASE STANCE ( 편히서기 pyeoni-sogi ) AT EASE STANCE ( 편히서기 pyeoni-sogi )

    INWARD STANCE

    ( 안쫑서기 anjjong-sogi )

    Difficulty Level:  Beginner Level   Tutorial Available

    Stance is performed by standing with the inner edge of both feet about one foot-length apart and the toes are facing inwards. The front soles are closer than the back soles in the final form. Read more »

    INWARD STANCE ( 안쫑서기 anjjong-sogi ) INWARD STANCE ( 안쫑서기 anjjong-sogi )

     

     

    FORWARD RIDING STANCE

    ( 앞 주춤서기 ap-juchum-sogi )

    Difficulty Level:  Intermediate Level

    The forward riding stance is a form of fighting stance ( 겨루기준비 gyeorugi junbi ). When standing in this stance, lift the heels slightly and bend your legs. You will feel some pressure on the ankles. Raise your hands to guard the upper body to complete the stance.

    FORWARD RIDING STANCE ( 앞 주춤서기 ap-juchum-sogi ) FORWARD RIDING STANCE ( 앞 주춤서기 ap-juchum-sogi )

    Bending Ready Stance

    ( goburyo-sogi )

    Difficulty Level:  Intermediate Level

    Lift one foot to knee level and place the blade of the foot close to the innerside of the other knee. Bend your knees slightly in preparation for a sidekick. The lifted knee should be facing to the side and the body facing the front in a fighting posture.

    Bending Ready Stance Bending Ready Stance

     

     

    There are five tenets defined in the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) and several more in World Taekwondo (WT).

    Courtesy ( Ye Ui / 예의 ): "Showing courtesy to all, respecting others, having manners as well as maintaining the appropriate etiquette at all times, both within and outside the dojang (도장) (designated training area)." View Taekwondo Tenets »

    RESOURCES
    This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Taekwondo Stances", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

     

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