Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool

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Taekwondo Preschool

Blocking ( 막기 makgi )

Variations


  • Bakkat-makgi ( 바깥막기 ) - Outward Block
  • Dollyeo-makgi - Turning Block
  • An-makgi ( 안막기 ) - Inward Block
  • Nulleo-makgi ( 눌러막기 ) - Pressing Block
  • Bitureo-makgi ( 비틀어막기 ) - Twisting Block
  • Naeryeo-makgi ( 내려막기 ) - Downward Block
  • Ap-makgi - Forward Block
  • Yeop-makgi ( 옆막기 ) - Side Block
  • Olgul-makgi ( 올려막기 ) - Upward Block
  • Kodureo-makgi ( 거들어막기 ) - Supporting Block
  • Geodeo-makgi ( 걷어막기 ) - Deflecting Block
  • Bada-makgi ( 받아막기 ) - Absorbing Block
  • Cha-makgi ( 차막기 ) - Kicking Block
  • Chye-makgi ( 쳐막기 ) - Striking Block
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One will persevere time and time again until they have achieved a result which is adequate towards what one was trying to achieve.

In martial arts, blocking ( makgi 막기 ) is the act of stopping or deflecting an opponent's attack for the purpose of preventing injurious contact with the body. A block usually consists of placing a limb across the line of the attack. Blocks are considered by some to be the most direct and least subtle of defensive techniques. Other ways of avoiding attack include evasion, trapping, slipping and deflection of the oncoming attack; this approach is often referred to as the application of 'soft' techniques.

The practitioner relaxes to the extent possible during the block, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the blocking part. Relaxation enables the block to achieve the greatest possible velocity during travel, while rigidity at impact allows the maximum transfer of force.

 

LOW BLOCK

( 아래막기 arae-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner   Tutorial Available

This is one of the most basic Taekwondo blocks and one of the first things a beginner will learn. The lead forearm is bent and raised to shoulder height, snapping the arm straight down with the palm facing the ground, which blocks any incoming low kicks or low strikes. The other arm is placed on the side of the waist which starts with the fist facing downward across the abdomen over the belt. Remember to twist your body when you make the block and keep the wrists straight. Read more »

Low Block ( 아래막기 arae makgi )

MIDDLE BLOCK

( 몸통막기 momtong-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner   Tutorial Available

An inside block deflects a strike away from the defender and away from the attacker. For example, against a straight punch to the face, an inside forearm block would aim to meet the inside of the forearm of the attacker, pushing the punch outward, leaving the opponent open for a counter attack. The important thing to remember is that the block is moving in a straight line across the chest. Remember to keep the wrists straight, the blocking arm is angled 90-120 degrees, and the fist is as high as the shoulder. Read more »

Middle Block ( 몸통막기 momtong makgi )

 

HIGH BLOCK

( 올려막기 olgul-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Beginner   Tutorial Available

A high block deflects a downward strike such as a hammer fist, a stick or a face punch from a taller opponent. The blocking arm starts low with the hand in a relaxed fist across the abdomen (over the belt) with the palm facing upward. Read more »

High Block ( 올려막기 olgul makgi )

OUTSIDE MIDDLE BLOCK

( 바깥막기 momtong-bakkat-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

An outside block deflects a strike away from the defender and across the attacker. For example, against a straight punch to the face, an outside forearm block would aim to meet the outside forearm of the attacker, pushing the punch outward. Read more »

Outside Block ( 바깥막기 momtong bakkat makgi )

 

HIGH OUTSIDE BLOCK

( 올려 바깥막기 olgul-bakkat-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

This blocking technique is to deflect an attack at the upper section around the neck and face level. Similar to an outside block, the technique would aim to meet the outside forearm of the attacker, pushing the punch outward, leaving the defender slightly to the side of the strike causing it to miss. Read more »

High Outside Block

INNER WRIST OUTER BLOCK

( 안팔목 바깥막기 anpalmok-bakkat-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

This block uses the inner wrist of your forearm which is used to deflect a strike away from your body. The blocking fist is parallel to the shoulder and the palm of the fist should face the body. The other hand should have the wrist stick to the waist of the body. Read more »

Inner Wrist Outer Block (anpalmok bakkat makgi)

 

 

 

 

SINGLE KNIFEHAND OUTWARD BLOCK

( 한손날 바깥막기 hansonnal-bakkat-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

The hand is kept in a knife hand position to block attacks to the torso. As the front arm sweeps down in an arc from the inside to the outside of the body, the back hand is simultaneously pulled back to the back hip and ready for a counter punch. Read more »

Single Knife Hand Outward Block ( 한손날 바깥막기 hansonnal bakkat makgi )

KNIFEHAND INWARD BLOCK

( 손날 안막기 sonnal-an-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

Block the same motion as momtong makgi but the hand is kept in a knife hand position to block. The block deflects a strike away from the defender and away from the attacker. The important thing to remember is that the block is moving in a straight line across the chest. Read more »

Knife-Hand Inward Block ( 손날 안막기 sonnal an makgi )

 

PALM HEEL INWARD BLOCK

( 바탕손 안막기 batangson-an-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

Open the hand and use the "bottom of the palm" to block the trunk area. The bottom of the palm is called batangson ( 바탕손 ). The wrist should be bent and the blocking technique starts from shoulder level. The finishing point is below the solar plexus area. Read more »

Palm Heel Inward Block ( 바탕손 안막기 batangson-an-makgi )

PRESSING BLOCK

( 눌러막기 nulleo-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

A standard block used to deflect incoming kicks and punches. The hand is raised up to shoulder height and thrust directly down to meet the attackers hand or limb. Various methods can be used such as the outside wrist, palm heel, hand blade, and etc. In the case of using the wrist area to block the attack it is called palmok (wrist area). Although simple, it requires a lot of partner training to get the timing of this Taekwondo block correct. Read more »

 

PALM HEEL PRESSING BLOCK

( 바탕손 눌러막기 batangson-nulleo-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

A standard block used to deflect incoming kicks and punches. Open the hand and use the "bottom of the palm" to block the trunk area. The bottom of the palm is called batangson ( 바탕손 ). The open hand is raised up to shoulder height and thrust directly down to meet the attackers hand or limb. Read more »

Palm Heel Pressing Block ( 바탕손 눌러막기 batangson nulleo makgi )

PALM HAND ASSISTED BLOCK

( batangson-kodureo-momtong-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

In this technique, place the back of the assisted fist under the blocking arms' elbow to support. The palm heel is as high as the solar plexus level. Open the hand and use the "bottom of the palm" to block. The bottom of the palm is called 바탕손 batangson (palm heel).

Palm Hand Assisted Block (batangson kodureo momtong makgi)

 

SUPPORTED HAND BLADE OUTWARD BLOCK

( 손날 거들어 바깥막기 sonnal-kodureo-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

With the hands held open in the knife hand position, a powerful kick aimed at the solar plexus can be successfully blocked. The blocking hand starts from shoulder level with the palm up while you stretch the other hand far from the waist with the palm facing downward at shoulder height level. Read more »

Supported Hand Blade Outward Block

SUPPORTED HAND BLADE DOWNWARD BLOCK

( 손날 거들어 내려막기 sonnal-kodureo-naeryeo-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

This blocking technique you make a knifehand low block ( 아래막기 area makgi ) with the other hand supporting to block the lower body with handblades. The blocking hand starts from shoulder level with the palm up while you stretch the other hand far from the waist with the palm facing downward at shoulder height level. Read more »

Hand Blade Supporting Low Block (sonnal kodureo naeryeo makgi)

 

 

 

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SUPPORTED DOWNWARD BLOCK

( 거들어 내려막기 kodureo-naeryeo-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

This blocking technique you make a low block ( 아래막기 area-makgi ) with the other hand supporting to block the lower body with hand fists. The blocking hand starts from shoulder level with the fist up while you stretch the other hand far from the waist with the fist facing downward at shoulder height level. Read more »

Supported Downward Blocking ( 거들어 내려막기 kodureo naeryeo makgi )

INSIDE WRIST SUPPORTING OUTWARD BLOCK

( 안팔목 거들어 바깥막기 anpalmok-kodureo-bakkat-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

This is a more advanced Taekwondo block, designed to be used against a strong attack to the center of the body. Standing sideways, the lead forearm blocks the attack with the fist closed. The second arm provides further support, linking into the crook of the arm so both forearms are at a 90 degree angle to the body.

Inside Wrist Supporting Outward Block (anpalmok kodureo bakkat makgi)

 

CROSS BLOCK

( 엇걸어막기 otgoreo-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

The cross block ( 엇걸어막기 otgoreo-makgi ) technique deflects a downward strike such as an axe kick, hammer fist, a stick or a face punch from a taller opponent. This technique starts near the waist on the opposite side of the foot in front. Read more »

Cross Block ( 엇걸어막기 otgoreo makgi )

KNIFEHAND HIGH CROSS BLOCK

( 손날 엇걸어막기 sonnal-olgul-otgoreo-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

This cross block technique deflects using a hand blade posture. This technique starts near the waist on the opposite side of the foot in front. The hand that is on the same side as the foot in front should be under the other hand. Read more »

Handblade High Cross Block (sonnal olgul otgoreo makgi)

 

LOW CROSS BLOCK

( 아래 엇걸어막기 arae-otgoreo-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

This technique starts near the waist on the opposite side of the foot in front. The hand that is on the same side as the foot in front should be under the other hand. Cross your wrists and finish by placing your hands in the center. The Low Cross ( 아래 엇걸어막기 arae-otgoreo-makgi ) technique blocks any incoming low kicks or low strikes.

Low Cross Block ( 아래 엇걸어막기 arae otgoreo makgi )

HANDBLADE TWISTING OUTWARD BLOCK

( 손날 비틀어 바깥막기 sonnal-bitureo-bakkat-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

This twisting block technique uses the blade of your hand to block your face and if successful grab your opponents wrist and counterattack with a knee or kick ( 차기 chagi ). When you block, make sure to turn your waist and upper body sideways and then to twist your hand at the last second. Read more »

Hand Blade Twisting Outward Block ( 손날 비틀어 바깥막기 Sonnal bitureo bakkat makgi )

 

DOUBLE BLOCK

( 헤쳐막기 hecho-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

This technique is used when the hands are crossed and pushed apart to loosen the opponents grip while they are trying to grab you with two hands. The Outside Wrist Double Block ( 바깥팔목 헤쳐막기 bakkat-palmok-hecho-makgi ) is usually followed by grabbing the opponents neck or head and pulling down to attack with the knee. Read more »

Outside Wrist Double Block ( 바깥팔목 헤쳐막기 bakkat palmok hecho makgi )

INSIDE WRIST DOUBLE BLOCK

( 안팔목 헤쳐막기 anpalmok-hecho-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

A technique to block an opponents attack from two sides aimed at the chest/abdominal area. The block should deflect the strike away from your body and could be pushed apart to loosen the opponents grip while they are trying to grab you with two hands. Start by crossing both wrists with the palm of the fist facing down. Push outwards using your inner wrist as the blocking surface. The blocking fists are parallel to the shoulder and the palm of the fists should face the body. Read more »

Experienced practitioners learn through repetition and muscle memory when (not just how) to launch particular blocks, based on the circumstances they are facing. Fights and fighters may have ebbs and flows in momentum and action that become predictable. Disrupting this flow may give the striker an advantage.

Inside Wrist Double Block ( 안팔목 헤쳐막기 anpalmok hecho makgi )

 

TRUNK PUSH LOW BLOCK

( 아래 헤쳐막기 arae-hecho-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

This technique requires both forearms to be bent and raised to shoulder height level to form a cross. Then snap both arms straight down like a low block ( 아래막기 arae-makgi ) to the right and left sides. Read more »

Trunk Push Low Block ( 아래 헤쳐막기 arae hecho makgi )

SCISSORS BLOCK

( 가위막기 kawi-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced  Tutorial Available

This technique is to block at the same time with a Low Block ( 아래막기 arae-makgi ) and an Inner Wrist Outer Block ( 안팔목 바깥막기 anpalmok-momtong-bakkat-magki ). Blocking fists are parallel to the shoulder and the palm of the fists should face the body. Read more »

Scissors Block ( 가위막기 Kawi makgi )

 

DIAMOND BLOCK

( 금강막기 keumgang-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced   Tutorial Available

This move composes of under section blocking and face blocking. The hand that blocks under starts from the starting point of low block ( 아래막기 arae-makgi ) technique. The face blocking hand starts at the starting point of high block ( 올려막기 olgul-makgi ) technique. Read more »

Diamond Block (Keumgang makgi)

ASSISTED FACE SIDE BLOCKING

( olgul-kodureo-yeop-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

This move uses the inside wrist to protect the face with side block (yeop makgi). The blocking arm is placed to the side of the shoulder. The other arm should be at the same level with the blocking arms elbow. The assisting hand is placed in front of the chest on the opposite side with the fist facing down. The back of the blocking fist should face outside. This technique is in the 4th Dan poomse "Pyongwon".

  • sonnal-deung-momtong-makgi / Ridgehand knifehand side blocking

 

(OUTSIDE WRIST) SUPPORTED OUTWARD BLOCK

( (바깥팔목) 거들어 바깥막기 (bakkatpalmok) kodureo-bakkat-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced   Tutorial Available

This technique uses the outside wrist to protect the trunk with the Outside Middle Block ( 바깥막기 momtong-bakkat-makgi ) technique. The (bakkatpalmok) kodureo-bakkat-makgi is similar to Supported Knifehand Outward Block ( 손날 거들어 바깥막기 sonnal-kodureo-makgi ) except instead of a knifehand, a fist is used. Read more »

(Outside Wrist) Supporting Outward Block ( (bakkatpalmok) kodureo bakkat makgi )

WIDE OPEN MOUNTAIN BLOCKING

( 산틀막기 santeul-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

One hand begins with the back of the fist facing foward at face level. The other hand begins with the back of the fist facing towards the body at face level, then twist the torso to block simultaneously. The palm of the two fists are facing each other. The Wide Open Mountain Block ( 산틀막기 santeul-makgi ) is an advanced technique performed in the 2nd dan black belt poomse "Keumgang".

  • (palmok) santeul-makgi / (팔목) 산틀막기 / (Wrist) Mountain Block
  • pyeonson-santeul-makgi / 편손 산틀막기 / Open Hand Mountain Block
  • hecho-santeul-makgi / 헤쳐 산틀막기 / Double Mountain Block
Wide Open Mountain Blocking ( 산틀막기 Santeul makgi )

 

 

 

 

SINGLE HAND WIDE OPEN BLOCK

( 외산틀막기 wesanteul-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced   Tutorial Available

The hand blocking the upper section begins with the starting movement of Inner Wrist Outer Block ( 안팔목 바깥막기 anpalmok-bakkat-makgi ). The hand blocking the lower section begins with the starting position of a Low Block ( 아래막기 arae-makgi ). The lower blocking hand is about two-fist distance away from the thigh. Read more »

Single Hand Wide Open Blocking ( 외산틀막기 Wesanteul makgi )

BULL HORN BLOCKING

( 황소막기 hwangso-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced   Tutorial Available

This technique takes the shape of a bull's horn by lifting the outside edges of both wrist over the head so the opponents attack is weakened along the diagonal lines of the forearms. In this move the two fists simultaneously protect the face by raising the fists from the lower stomach with the palms facing the body. Read more »

Bull Horn Blocking ( 황소막기 Hwangso-makgi )

 

RIDGEHAND SUPPORTED DOWNWARD BLOCK

( 손날등 거들어 내려막기 sonnal-deung-kodureo-naeryeo-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

Ridge-hand blocks commonly are delivered with a hooking motion, or with a straight arm swing. The blocking elbow and the supporting hand should not be touching. The front blocking hand is set above the thigh roughly two fist's gap and the supporting hand is placed in front of the solar plexus.

Ridgehand Supporting Downward Block

RIDGEHAND OUTWARD BLOCK

( 손날등 바깥막기 sonnal-deung-bakkat-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced   Tutorial Available

A technique of blocking the attack from the inside to the outside of the defender’s body. By tucking the thumb into the palm, a striking surface called the ridge-hand, or reverse knife-hand is formed, extending a few inches along the inside of the hand below the first knuckle of the first finger. Read more »

Ridgehand Outward Block (Sonnal deung bakkat makgi)

 

SIDE BLOCKING

( 옆막기 yeop-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

A technique of blocking the opponent’s strike from the side by swinging a hand from the inside to the side. This block is most effectively executed by stepping to the side into a Horse Riding Stance ( 주춤서기 juchum-sogi ) to avoid an attack. Read more »

Side Block ( 옆막기 Yeop-makgi )

KICKING BLOCK

( 차막기 cha-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

A blocking technique by striking the opponents leg or foot to stop them from advancing. This could be a defensive move as well as an attack at the same time.

  • bakkat-cha-makgi / 바깥 차막기 / Outward Kicking Block
  • an-cha-makgi / 안 차막기 / Inward Kicking Block
  • ap-cha-makgi / 앞 차막기 / Front Kicking Block
  • yeop-cha-makgi / 옆 차막기 / Side Kicking Block

 

BENT WRIST OUTWARD BLOCK

( 굽힌손목 바깥막기 gupinsonmok-bakkat-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

In this block, the fingers all touch together, the hand is pointed toward the inside, exposing the top of the wrist, which is then swung outward to block an attack. The Bent Wrist Outward Block ( 굽힌손목 바깥막기 gupinsonmok-bakkat-makgi ) is an advanced technique if executed properly can be very effective for close distance fighting. If done improperly, however, the practitioner may well break his/her wrist.

Bent Wrist Outward Block ( 굽힌손목 바깥막기 Gupinsonmok bakkat makgi )

HAND BLADE LOW BLOCK

( 한손날 아래막기 sonnal-arae-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate   Tutorial Available

The lead forearm is bent and raised to shoulder height, snapping the arm straight down with the palm facing the ground in a hand blade technique, which blocks any incoming low strikes. The other arm is placed on the side of the waist which starts with the fist facing downward across the abdomen over the belt. Read more »

Hand Blade Low Block ( 한손날 아래막기 sonnal arae makgi )

 

PALM ASSISTING OUTER BLOCK

( sonbadak-kodureo-bakkat-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

In this blocking technique, take the fingertips of the open hand and put them lightly on the outer wrist of the blocking arm to provide extra blocking support.

PALM ASSISTING OUTER BLOCKK

UNDERNEATH TARGET BLOCK

( arae-pyojeok-makgi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

In this blocking technique, inner block the target palm with the inner wrist of the opposite arm.

UNDERNEATH TARGET BLOCK

 

 

There are five tenets defined in the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) and several more in World Taekwondo (WT).

Courtesy ( Ye Ui / 예의 ): "Showing courtesy to all, respecting others, having manners as well as maintaining the appropriate etiquette at all times, both within and outside the dojang (도장) (designated training area)." View Taekwondo Tenets »

RESOURCES
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "List of Taekwondo Techniques" and "Strike (attack)", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 

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