Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool
Promotion from one geup to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan. Many of the older and more traditional schools often take longer to allow students to test for higher ranks than newer, more contemporary schools, as they may not have the required testing intervals. View Taekwondo belt levels »
A kick (차기 chagi) is a physical strike using the foot, leg, or knee. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Relaxation enables the strike to achieve the greatest possible velocity during travel, while rigidity at impact allows the maximum transfer of force.
Difficulty Level: Beginner Technique: Kick ( 차기 chagi )
The taekwondo roundhouse kick, known as dollyeo chagi, is performed by first drawing the knee straight up in a "chamber" position. This chamber, identical to the chamber of many taekwondo kicks (front kick, side kick, etc.) is utilized so that the opponent cannot guess which kick will be thrown. This differentiates it from Muay Thai and other roundhouse kicks, which tend to incorporate rotation before or during the rising of the knee. The knee is then rotated so that it is nearly parallel to the ground (counterclockwise for the right leg roundhouse) and the kicking hip is simultaneously rotated towards the opponent. The rotation of the hip, combined with the snapping of the leg forward, gives the kick its power.
For the roundhouse kick, the striking surface is mainly the instep but a taekwondo practitioner could also use the ball of the foot. In this way taekwondo differs from Muay Thai or Chinese Sanshou, where the striking surface is the shin. This is also called an "off the line" or "rear leg" roundhouse kick. The roundhouse kick can also be thrown from the rear leg towards the target and strike with the lower shin or the instep heel. This method is to get a quick strike on the opponent before they see it coming. The kick is swung and then snapped in front of the practitioner to give them more power and velocity. The Taekwondo kicking method is unique on its own.
- Baldeung-dollyeo-chagi ( 발등 돌려차기 ) - Instep Turn Kick
- Apchuk-dollyeo-chagi ( 앞축 돌려차기 ) - Turn Kick with the ball of the foot
- Ttwieo-dollyeo-chagi ( 뛰어 돌려차기 ) - Jumping Turn Kick
- Geodeup-dollyeo-chagi ( 거듭 돌려차기 ) - Repeating Turn Kick
Slight variations of the roundhouse kick is the front leg roundhouse or the"fast kick." To begin the front leg roundhouse kick, the leading leg is chambered, then rotated and snapped towards the opponent in the manner described above. The front leg kick is generally weaker than the rear leg roundhouse because the hip does not rotate as far; however, it is also generally faster because the leg travels a shorter distance before striking the opponent. This roundhouse kicking method is generally used as a defensive technique. The fast kick version is done by skipping / shuffling forward with the rear leg, moving the kicker closer towards the opponent while simultaneously chambering and snapping the front leg roundhouse. This method was used by early American full-contact karateka Bill Wallace, a student of taekwondo as well as karate, to extremely great effect.
Roundhouse Kick Tips
- An important variation is the downward roundhouse kick, nicknamed the Brazilian Kick from recent K-1 use: A more pronounced twist of the hips allows for a downward end of the trajectory of the kick that is very deceiving.
- Due to its power, the roundhouse kick may also be performed at low level against targets, such as the knees, calf, or even thigh, since attacking leg muscles will often cripple an opponent's mobility.
- The idea would be to rotate the hip as well as the leg during the kick in order to take advantage of the hip's additional mass in terms of providing power to the kick.
- Remember the idea that during a strike one should exhale, with the exhalation concluding at the moment of impact.
Question. What is the name of Taegeuk #2 in Korean?
Taegeuk 태극 (in World Taekwondo (WT)) refers to a set of poomse 품새 used to create a foundation for the teaching of taekwondo. A poomse or form is a detailed pattern of defense-and-attack motions and techniques used in traditional martial arts. Each taegeuk form symbolizes a specific state thought to be indicative of the belt the student currently holds, and is represented in World Taekwondo (WT) by trigrams similar to those found in the four corners of the South Korean flag.
Question. What is the korean terminology for Palm Heel Pressing Block?
A standard block used to deflect incoming kicks and punches. Open the hand and use the "bottom of the palm" to block the trunk area. The bottom of the palm is called batangson ( 바탕손 ). The open hand is raised up to shoulder height and thrust directly down to meet the attackers hand or limb.
Taekwondo Kicks (차기 chagi)
A kick (차기 chagi) is a physical strike using the foot, leg, or knee. As the human leg is longer and stronger than the arm, kicks are generally used to keep an opponent at a distance, surprise him or her with their range, and inflict substantial damage. On the other hand, stance is very important in any combat system, and any attempt to deliver a kick will necessarily compromise one's stability of stance. For more information View Taekwondo Kicks (차기 chagi) »
- History of Kicking
- Front Kick ( 앞차기 ap chagi )
- Side Kick ( 옆차기 yeop chagi )
- Roundhouse ( 돌려차기 dollyeo chagi )
- Spin Kick ( 뒤후려차기 dwi huryeo chagi )
- Jump Kick ( 뛰어차기 ttwieo chagi )
- Scissors Kick ( 가위차기 gawi-chagi )
- Repeating Kick ( 거듭차기 geodeup-chagi )
- Repeating Turn Kick ( 거듭 돌려차기 geodeup-dollyeo-chagi )
- Repeating Side kick ( 거듭 옆차기 geodeup-yeop-chagi )
- Jumping Flip Kick ( 공중제비차기 gongjungjebi-chagi )
- Multi direction Kick ( 다방향차기 dabangyang-chagi )
- Whirl Kick Dolgaechagi ( 돌개차기 dolgae-chagi )
- Flying Kick ( 두발당성차기 dubaldangseong-chagi )
- Holding Kick ( 잡고차기 japgo-chagi )
- Target Kick ( 표적차기 pyojeok-chagi )
- 360º Back Whip Kick ( 360도 뒤후려차기 360º dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- 540º Back Whip Kick ( 540도 뒤후려차기 540º dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- Back Kick ( 뒤차기 dwi chagi )
- Hook Kick ( 후려차기 huryeo chagi )
- Axe Kick ( 내려차기 naeryeo chagi )
- Crescent Kick ( 바깥차기 bakkat chagi )
- 540º Whirl Kick ( 540º 돌개차기 )
- 720º Whirl Kick ( 720º 돌개차기 )
- Pushing Kick ( 밀어차기 mireo-chagi )
- Counter Kick ( 받아차기 bada-chagi )
- Rear Foot Counter Kick ( 뒷발 받아차기 dwitbal-bada-chagi )
- Front Foot Counter Kick ( 앞발 받아차기 apbal-bada-chagi )
- Skipping Kick ( 발붙여차기 balbucheo-chagi )
- Twisting Kick ( 비틀어차기 biteureo-chagi )
- Inward Kick ( 안차기 an-chagi )
- Alternating Kick ( 이어차기 ieo-chagi )
- Jumping Back Whip Kick ( 뛰어 뒤후려차기 ttwieo-dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- Skipping Whip Kick ( 발붙여 후려차기 japgo-balbutyeo-huryeo-chagi )
- Front Foot Whip Kick ( 앞발 후려차기 apbal-huryeo-chagi )
- Knee Upward Strike ( 무릎 올려치기 mureup ollyeo chigi )
Risk of injury can be reduced by completing an effective warm up consisting of a heart raiser to get your pulse up, followed by sport specific dynamic stretches (stretches whilst moving). Please follow the guidance of a certified Master Instructor or trainer when doing sports related activities. Depending on the intensity of the exercise, cooling down can involve a slow jog or walk, or with lower intensities, stretching can be used. Cooling down allows the heart rate to return to its resting rate. View more information on Warming Up and Cooling Down ».
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "Warming Up" and "Cooling Down", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "Roundhouse Kick" and "Kick" which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.