Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool
When you reach senior belt you are expected to guide the junior belts when they are beginning Taekwondo such as showing by example. To advance from one rank to the next, students typically complete promotion tests in which they demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art before a panel of judges or their teacher. View Taekwondo belt levels »
( 주춤서기 juchum sogi )
Difficulty Level: Beginner Level Technique: Stance ( 서기 sogi )
The sitting stance is generally used to practice punches. It is similar to the ready stance but feet are placed much wider, about two-foot length's apart. Also, the knees are deeply bent. The shins should be kept perpendicular to the floor. This requires the knees to move outwards away from the body. The hands are held in fists, on the hips at belt level, with the thumbs up. When a punch is thrown, the hand rotates 180 degrees to turn knuckles up before making contact. In combat it is used when being grappled in order to have a wide stance and low center of gravity, giving stability (compare with Judo and wrestling defensive stances). Short range punches can be used on the target who is holding one around the waist when in this stance. This stance can be used instead of a L-stance to perform a sidekick. The weight distribution of this stance is 50%-50% and should be directed inwards. This stance can also be used as a stretch. In International Taekwondo Federation (ITF), this stance is called a "Sitting Stance".
Students often undergo periodic testing and grading by their own Master Instructor ( 사범님 sabeomnim ) in order to advance to a higher level of recognized achievement such as a different belt color. They need to demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art such as the execution of patterns ( 품새 poomse ), which combine various techniques in specific sequences.
Horse-Riding Stance ( 주춤서기 juchum sogi ) is a requirement for the below belt levels (Techniques vary between schools). Promotion from one belt level to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan black belt. View Promotion Tests »
Key Points for Horse-Riding Stance ( 주춤서기 juchum sogi )
- is generally used to practice punches
- about two-foot length's apart
- distribute 50/50 weight ratio on the left and right legs
- the knees are deeply bent
- the shins should be kept perpendicular to the floor
- wide stance with low center of gravity, giving stability
Information for Horse-Riding Stance ( 주춤서기 juchum sogi )
Stance is introduced in the following patterns:
TAEGEUK #: 7
Poomse is the foundation for the teaching of taekwondo. A poomse or form is a detailed pattern of defense-and-attack motions and techniques used in traditional martial arts. Poomse is useful in developing proper kinetics, mental and physical fortitude.
Most Kukkiwon 국기원 schools will use the poomse taegeuk whereas a few schools will use the poomse palgwe. The meanings, trigrams and symbols are shared by both poomse taegeuk and poomse palgwe, however the sequence of movements is different. The first 8 forms of the set of poomse differ from each other, whereas the last 9 forms (Black Belt forms) of the set are shared between the two sets. All students studying in World Taekwondo (WT) Kukkiwon style must learn these forms, or taegeuk, to advance to a higher belt level. There are eight taegeuk forms, each one similar to the previous one, but each time with more complicated techniques to display the students' mastery of the techniques learned during lessons, as well as the ability to interconnect these techniques.
For more information on taekwondo patterns refer to Poomse 품새 Section »
Learn other taekwondo stances on the Stance ( 서기 sogi ) Section »
Practitioners must have their body weight correctly distributed during each different stance and during footwork. Each technique must be correctly aligned. Every technique must display the requisite speed, power and firmness to be realistically used as an attack or defense move.
Horse-Riding Stance ( 주춤서기 juchum sogi )
Taekwondo Stances ( 서기 sogi )
The korean martial arts has several stances ( 서기 sogi ) used for different activities. Although there are strong similarities in stances throughout taekwondo schools, individual instructors often have their own preferred style. For more information View Taekwondo Stances ( 서기 sogi ) »
- Ready Stance ( 기본준비 junbi )
- Walking Stance ( 앞서기 ap-sogi )
- Front Stance ( 앞굽이 ap-kubi )
- Attention Stance ( 차렷 charyeot )
- Fighting Stance ( 겨루기준비 gyeorugi-junbi )
- Parallel Stance ( 나란히서기 naranhi-sogi )
- Horse Stance ( 주춤서기 juchum-sogi )
- Back Stance ( 뒷굽이 dwi-kubi )
- Covered Fist Ready Stance ( 보주먹준비 bojumeok-junbi )
- Left Side Stance ( 왼 서기 wen-sogi )
- Right Side Stance ( 오른 서기 oreun-sogi )
- Cat Stance ( 범서기 beom-sogi )
- Forward Cross Stance ( 앞 꼬아서기 ap-koa-sogi )
- Rear Cross Stance ( 뒤 꼬아서기 dwi-koa-sogi )
- Crane Stance ( 학다리서기 hakdari-sogi )
- Inner Knee Stance ( 오금서기 ogum-sogi )
- Two Fist Ready Stance ( 두주먹허리준비 dujumeok-heori-junbi )
There are five tenets defined in the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) and several more in World Taekwondo (WT).
Integrity ( Yeom Chi / 염치 ): "Although it may be similar, this form of integrity takes on a more wider role then defined in the common dictionary. In taekwondo, integrity means not only to determine what is right or wrong but also having the conscience to feel guilt if one has done wrong and to have the integrity stand up for what is right." View Taekwondo Tenets »
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Taekwondo Stances", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.