Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool
When you reach senior belt you are expected to guide the junior belts when they are beginning Taekwondo such as showing by example. To advance from one rank to the next, students typically complete promotion tests in which they demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art before a panel of judges or their teacher. View Taekwondo belt levels »
( 앞굽이 ap kubi )
Difficulty Level: Beginner Level Technique: Stance ( 서기 sogi )
Front stance is used when mobility is important. It is also a precursor of the fighting stance according to some authors. Body should be relaxed. From the attention stance with feet together, one foot is placed straight ahead of the other. Some style teaches to step side way slightly. The distance between the inside edges of both feet should be between one to two fists apart and is about 4 to 4 one-half foot-length from origin. Rear toes are turned outward about 30 degrees and the body is also naturally angled at 30 degrees. The weight should be 70 percent in the front and 30 percent at the back. In International Taekwondo Federation (ITF), this stance's length is measured from the tip of the big toe to the tip of the other big toe.
Although the specifics of the stance vary by style, overall it is visually similar to a lunge, with the forward leg bent at the knee, and the rear leg straight, while the hips and shoulders remain squarely facing forward. The purpose of the stance is to teach musculo-skeletal alignment that adds as much mass of the earth to a strike as possible. The stance allows a great deal of power generation forward, but very little in any other direction.
Students often undergo periodic testing and grading by their own Master Instructor ( 사범님 sabeomnim ) in order to advance to a higher level of recognized achievement such as a different belt color. They need to demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art such as the execution of patterns ( 품새 poomse ), which combine various techniques in specific sequences.
Front Stance ( 앞굽이 ap kubi ) is a requirement for the below belt levels (Techniques vary between schools). Promotion from one belt level to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan black belt. View Promotion Tests »
Key Points for Front Stance ( 앞굽이 ap kubi )
- distance between the inside edges of both feet should be between one to two fists apart
- one foot is placed straight ahead of the other about 4 to 4 one-half foot-length
- front toes facing straight forward
- rear toes are turned outward about 30 degrees
- the body is also naturally angled at 30 degrees
- weight should be 70 percent in the front and 30 percent at the back
Information for Front Stance ( 앞굽이 ap kubi )
Stance is introduced in the following patterns:
BASIC PATTERN: 1
Poomse is the foundation for the teaching of taekwondo. A poomse or form is a detailed pattern of defense-and-attack motions and techniques used in traditional martial arts. Poomse is useful in developing proper kinetics, mental and physical fortitude.
Most Kukkiwon 국기원 schools will use the poomse taegeuk whereas a few schools will use the poomse palgwe. The meanings, trigrams and symbols are shared by both poomse taegeuk and poomse palgwe, however the sequence of movements is different. The first 8 forms of the set of poomse differ from each other, whereas the last 9 forms (Black Belt forms) of the set are shared between the two sets. All students studying in World Taekwondo (WT) Kukkiwon style must learn these forms, or taegeuk, to advance to a higher belt level. There are eight taegeuk forms, each one similar to the previous one, but each time with more complicated techniques to display the students' mastery of the techniques learned during lessons, as well as the ability to interconnect these techniques.
For more information on taekwondo patterns refer to Poomse 품새 Section »
Learn other taekwondo stances on the Stance ( 서기 sogi ) Section »
Practitioners must have their body weight correctly distributed during each different stance and during footwork. Each technique must be correctly aligned. Every technique must display the requisite speed, power and firmness to be realistically used as an attack or defense move.
Front Stance ( 앞굽이 ap kubi )
Taekwondo Stances ( 서기 sogi )
The korean martial arts has several stances ( 서기 sogi ) used for different activities. Although there are strong similarities in stances throughout taekwondo schools, individual instructors often have their own preferred style. For more information View Taekwondo Stances ( 서기 sogi ) »
- Ready Stance ( 기본준비 junbi )
- Walking Stance ( 앞서기 ap-sogi )
- Front Stance ( 앞굽이 ap-kubi )
- Attention Stance ( 차렷 charyeot )
- Fighting Stance ( 겨루기준비 gyeorugi-junbi )
- Parallel Stance ( 나란히서기 naranhi-sogi )
- Horse Stance ( 주춤서기 juchum-sogi )
- Back Stance ( 뒷굽이 dwi-kubi )
- Covered Fist Ready Stance ( 보주먹준비 bojumeok-junbi )
- Left Side Stance ( 왼 서기 wen-sogi )
- Right Side Stance ( 오른 서기 oreun-sogi )
- Cat Stance ( 범서기 beom-sogi )
- Forward Cross Stance ( 앞 꼬아서기 ap-koa-sogi )
- Rear Cross Stance ( 뒤 꼬아서기 dwi-koa-sogi )
- Crane Stance ( 학다리서기 hakdari-sogi )
- Inner Knee Stance ( 오금서기 ogum-sogi )
- Two Fist Ready Stance ( 두주먹허리준비 dujumeok-heori-junbi )
There are five tenets defined in the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) and several more in World Taekwondo (WT).
Indomitable spirit ( Baekjul Boolgool / 백절불굴 ): "To have indomitable spirit means to have the courage to stand up for what you believe in, no matter what odds you are up against, and to always give 100% effort in whatever you do." View Taekwondo Tenets »
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Taekwondo Stances", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.