Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool
Promotion from one geup to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan. Many of the older and more traditional schools often take longer to allow students to test for higher ranks than newer, more contemporary schools, as they may not have the required testing intervals. View Taekwondo belt levels »
A kick (차기 chagi) is a physical strike using the foot, leg, or knee. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Relaxation enables the strike to achieve the greatest possible velocity during travel, while rigidity at impact allows the maximum transfer of force.
Difficulty Level: Intermediate Technique: Kick ( 차기 chagi )
The hook kick strikes with the heel from the side (or the flat sole of the foot in sparring). In Korean, the hook kick is called huryeo chagi ( 후려차기 ). It is executed similar to a side kick ( 옆차기 yeop chagi ), however the kick is intentionally aimed slightly off target in the direction of the kicking foot's toes and then whipped back to the target. At full extension, the knee is bent and the foot snapped to the side, impacting the target with the heel. In taekwondo, it is often used at the resulting miss of a short slide side kick to the head, but is considered a very high level technique in said circumstance to control the leg in midair.
There are many variations of the hook kick ( huryeo chagi 후려차기 ), generally based on different footworks: rear- or front-leg, oblique or half-pivot, dropping, spin-back and more. The hook kick can be delivered with a near-straight leg at impact, or with a hooked finish (kake in Japanese Karate) where the leg bends before impact to catch the target from behind. An important variation is the downward hook kick, delivered as a regular or a spin-back kick, in which the end of the trajectory is diagonally downwards for a surprise effect or following an evading opponent.
The hook kick is mainly used to strike the jaw area of an opponent, but is also highly effective in the temple region for a knockout attempt. As in all taekwondo kicks, one will also try to get ones "hip into the kick", resulting perhaps in a slight shift of weight.
Students often undergo periodic testing and grading by their own Master Instructor ( 사범님 sabeomnim ) in order to advance to a higher level of recognized achievement such as a different belt color. They need to demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art such as the execution of patterns ( 품새 poomse ), which combine various techniques in specific sequences.
Hook Kick ( 후려차기 huryeo chagi ) is a requirement for the below belt levels (Techniques vary between schools). Promotion from one belt level to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan black belt. View Promotion Tests »
There are many variations of the hook kick ( huryeo chagi 후려차기 ), generally based on different footworks: rear- or front-leg, oblique or half-pivot, dropping, spin-back and more. The hook kick can be delivered with a near-straight leg at impact, or with a hooked finish where the leg bends before impact to catch the target from behind. An important variation is the downward hook kick, delivered as a regular or a spin-back kick, in which the end of the trajectory is diagonally downwards for a surprise effect or following an evading opponent.
- 360º Dwi-huryeo-chagi ( 360도 뒤후려차기 ) - 360º Back Whip Kick
- 540º Dwi-huryeo-chagi ( 540도 뒤후려차기 ) - 540º Back Whip Kick
- Ttwieo-dwi-huryeo-chagi ( 뛰어 뒤후려차기 ) - Jumping Back Whip Kick
- Japgo-balbutyeo-huryeo-chagi ( 발붙여 후려차기 ) - Skipping Whip Kick
- Apbal-huryeo-chagi ( 앞발 후려차기 ) - Front Foot Whip Kick
- Huryeo-chagi ( 잡고 후려차기 ) - Holding Whip Kick
Question. What is the korean terminology for High Block?
A high block deflects a downward strike such as a hammer fist, a stick or a face punch from a taller opponent. The blocking arm starts low with the hand in a relaxed fist across the abdomen(over the belt) with the palm facing upward.
Question. What is the korean terminology for Palm Heel Pressing Block?
A standard block used to deflect incoming kicks and punches. Open the hand and use the "bottom of the palm" to block the trunk area. The bottom of the palm is called batangson ( 바탕손 ). The open hand is raised up to shoulder height and thrust directly down to meet the attackers hand or limb.
Taekwondo Kicks (차기 chagi)
A kick (차기 chagi) is a physical strike using the foot, leg, or knee. As the human leg is longer and stronger than the arm, kicks are generally used to keep an opponent at a distance, surprise him or her with their range, and inflict substantial damage. On the other hand, stance is very important in any combat system, and any attempt to deliver a kick will necessarily compromise one's stability of stance. For more information View Taekwondo Kicks (차기 chagi) »
- History of Kicking
- Front Kick ( 앞차기 ap chagi )
- Side Kick ( 옆차기 yeop chagi )
- Roundhouse ( 돌려차기 dollyeo chagi )
- Spin Kick ( 뒤후려차기 dwi huryeo chagi )
- Jump Kick ( 뛰어차기 ttwieo chagi )
- Scissors Kick ( 가위차기 gawi-chagi )
- Repeating Kick ( 거듭차기 geodeup-chagi )
- Repeating Turn Kick ( 거듭 돌려차기 geodeup-dollyeo-chagi )
- Repeating Side kick ( 거듭 옆차기 geodeup-yeop-chagi )
- Jumping Flip Kick ( 공중제비차기 gongjungjebi-chagi )
- Multi direction Kick ( 다방향차기 dabangyang-chagi )
- Whirl Kick Dolgaechagi ( 돌개차기 dolgae-chagi )
- Flying Kick ( 두발당성차기 dubaldangseong-chagi )
- Holding Kick ( 잡고차기 japgo-chagi )
- Target Kick ( 표적차기 pyojeok-chagi )
- 360º Back Whip Kick ( 360도 뒤후려차기 360º dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- 540º Back Whip Kick ( 540도 뒤후려차기 540º dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- Back Kick ( 뒤차기 dwi chagi )
- Hook Kick ( 후려차기 huryeo chagi )
- Axe Kick ( 내려차기 naeryeo chagi )
- Crescent Kick ( 바깥차기 bakkat chagi )
- 540º Whirl Kick ( 540º 돌개차기 )
- 720º Whirl Kick ( 720º 돌개차기 )
- Pushing Kick ( 밀어차기 mireo-chagi )
- Counter Kick ( 받아차기 bada-chagi )
- Rear Foot Counter Kick ( 뒷발 받아차기 dwitbal-bada-chagi )
- Front Foot Counter Kick ( 앞발 받아차기 apbal-bada-chagi )
- Skipping Kick ( 발붙여차기 balbucheo-chagi )
- Twisting Kick ( 비틀어차기 biteureo-chagi )
- Inward Kick ( 안차기 an-chagi )
- Alternating Kick ( 이어차기 ieo-chagi )
- Jumping Back Whip Kick ( 뛰어 뒤후려차기 ttwieo-dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- Skipping Whip Kick ( 발붙여 후려차기 japgo-balbutyeo-huryeo-chagi )
- Front Foot Whip Kick ( 앞발 후려차기 apbal-huryeo-chagi )
- Knee Upward Strike ( 무릎 올려치기 mureup ollyeo chigi )
Risk of injury can be reduced by completing an effective warm up consisting of a heart raiser to get your pulse up, followed by sport specific dynamic stretches (stretches whilst moving). Please follow the guidance of a certified Master Instructor or trainer when doing sports related activities. Depending on the intensity of the exercise, cooling down can involve a slow jog or walk, or with lower intensities, stretching can be used. Cooling down allows the heart rate to return to its resting rate. View more information on Warming Up and Cooling Down ».
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "Warming Up" and "Cooling Down", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Kick" which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.