Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool
Promotion from one geup to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan. Many of the older and more traditional schools often take longer to allow students to test for higher ranks than newer, more contemporary schools, as they may not have the required testing intervals. View Taekwondo belt levels »
A kick (차기 chagi) is a physical strike using the foot, leg, or knee. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Relaxation enables the strike to achieve the greatest possible velocity during travel, while rigidity at impact allows the maximum transfer of force.
Difficulty Level: Intermediate Technique: Kick ( 차기 chagi )
A jump kick or flying kick is a type of kick in certain martial arts and in martial-arts based gymnastics, with the particularity that the kick is delivered while in the air, specifically moving ("flying") into the opponent after a running start to gain forward momentum. In this sense a "flying kick" is a special case of a jump kick, any kick delivered in mid-air, i.e. with neither foot touching the ground. In Korean, the jump kick is referred to as ( 뛰어차기 ttwieo chagi ).
Flying and jump kicks are taught in certain Asian martial arts, such as karate and taekwondo.
High kicks in general, as well as jump kicks, were foreign to Southern styles, and their presence in Wing Chun as well as Japanese and Korean martial arts is probably due to the influence of a Northern style. Historically, the development and diffusion of flying kick techniques in Asian martial arts seems to have taken place during the 1930s to 1950s. During this time, Chinese martial arts took an influence on traditional Okinawan martial arts, from the late 1940s specifically Shorinji Kempo. Okinawan martial arts in turn developed into karate and ultimately also taekwondo. Taekwondo's special emphasis on spinning, jumping and flying kicks is a development in the 1960s.
Effective accomplishment of a flying kick relies on a mental preparation combined with an athletic condition. For instance, a typical element of the preparation consists in mentally exercising and visualizing the flying kick before its execution. A flying kick correctly performed requires to fall on feet while keeping balance when finishing the kicking technique.
Types of Jump Kick ( 뛰어차기 ttwieo chagi )
- Nopi-ttwigi (높이뛰기) - High Jump
- Ttwieo-neomgi (뛰어넘기) - Jumping over an obstacle
- Ttwieo-dolgi (뛰어돌기) - Jumping Turn
- Meolli-ttwigi (멀리뛰기) - Long Jump
Practicality and Purpose
While the efficiency of a jump kick in combat sports or self-defense is highly debatable, the move is popular for demonstration purposes, showing off the practitioner's skill and control, or as a dance move.
Flying kicks (regardless of concerns of utility) are considered among the martial arts techniques most difficult to perform correctly. A 1991 essay dedicated to flying kicks in taekwondo cites trainer Yeon Hwan Park arguing that the main benefit of training flying kicks is "the transcending of mental barriers by overcoming physical challenges that gives the student confidence." Park emphasizes that flying and jump kicks are among the most difficult and advanced techniques, and that he does not recommend their use in tournament situations, but at the same time he surmises that they might in theory be performed effectively even in self-defense situations once their execution has been mastered.
Question. What is the korean terminology for Back Stance?
This stance is specifically focused on shifting weight to the back leg, as it offers much more control, and makes it easier to kick off the front leg. To perform this stance, the body faces to the side, with the front foot facing forward and the front leg bent. The back leg is bent slightly and the foot is turned outwards perpendicular to the front foot making the letter "L" for this stance.
Taekwondo Kicks (차기 chagi)
A kick (차기 chagi) is a physical strike using the foot, leg, or knee. As the human leg is longer and stronger than the arm, kicks are generally used to keep an opponent at a distance, surprise him or her with their range, and inflict substantial damage. On the other hand, stance is very important in any combat system, and any attempt to deliver a kick will necessarily compromise one's stability of stance. For more information View Taekwondo Kicks (차기 chagi) »
- History of Kicking
- Front Kick ( 앞차기 ap chagi )
- Side Kick ( 옆차기 yeop chagi )
- Roundhouse ( 돌려차기 dollyeo chagi )
- Spin Kick ( 뒤후려차기 dwi huryeo chagi )
- Jump Kick ( 뛰어차기 ttwieo chagi )
- Scissors Kick ( 가위차기 gawi-chagi )
- Repeating Kick ( 거듭차기 geodeup-chagi )
- Repeating Turn Kick ( 거듭 돌려차기 geodeup-dollyeo-chagi )
- Repeating Side kick ( 거듭 옆차기 geodeup-yeop-chagi )
- Jumping Flip Kick ( 공중제비차기 gongjungjebi-chagi )
- Multi direction Kick ( 다방향차기 dabangyang-chagi )
- Whirl Kick Dolgaechagi ( 돌개차기 dolgae-chagi )
- Flying Kick ( 두발당성차기 dubaldangseong-chagi )
- Holding Kick ( 잡고차기 japgo-chagi )
- Target Kick ( 표적차기 pyojeok-chagi )
- 360º Back Whip Kick ( 360도 뒤후려차기 360º dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- 540º Back Whip Kick ( 540도 뒤후려차기 540º dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- Back Kick ( 뒤차기 dwi chagi )
- Hook Kick ( 후려차기 huryeo chagi )
- Axe Kick ( 내려차기 naeryeo chagi )
- Crescent Kick ( 바깥차기 bakkat chagi )
- 540º Whirl Kick ( 540º 돌개차기 )
- 720º Whirl Kick ( 720º 돌개차기 )
- Pushing Kick ( 밀어차기 mireo-chagi )
- Counter Kick ( 받아차기 bada-chagi )
- Rear Foot Counter Kick ( 뒷발 받아차기 dwitbal-bada-chagi )
- Front Foot Counter Kick ( 앞발 받아차기 apbal-bada-chagi )
- Skipping Kick ( 발붙여차기 balbucheo-chagi )
- Twisting Kick ( 비틀어차기 biteureo-chagi )
- Inward Kick ( 안차기 an-chagi )
- Alternating Kick ( 이어차기 ieo-chagi )
- Jumping Back Whip Kick ( 뛰어 뒤후려차기 ttwieo-dwi-huryeo-chagi )
- Skipping Whip Kick ( 발붙여 후려차기 japgo-balbutyeo-huryeo-chagi )
- Front Foot Whip Kick ( 앞발 후려차기 apbal-huryeo-chagi )
- Knee Upward Strike ( 무릎 올려치기 mureup ollyeo chigi )
Risk of injury can be reduced by completing an effective warm up consisting of a heart raiser to get your pulse up, followed by sport specific dynamic stretches (stretches whilst moving). Please follow the guidance of a certified Master Instructor or trainer when doing sports related activities. Depending on the intensity of the exercise, cooling down can involve a slow jog or walk, or with lower intensities, stretching can be used. Cooling down allows the heart rate to return to its resting rate. View more information on Warming Up and Cooling Down ».
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "Warming Up" and "Cooling Down", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Flying Kick" which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.