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Strikes ( 치기 chigi )


VARIATIONS OF STRIKES

  • Bakkat-chigi ( 바깥치기 ) - Outward Strike
  • Dollyeo-chigi ( 돌려치기 ) - Turning Strike
  • An-chigi ( 안치기 ) - Inward Strike
  • Bitureo-chigi ( 비틀어치기 ) - Twisting Strike
  • Naeryeo-chigi ( 내려치기 ) - Downward Strike
  • Ap-chigi ( 앞치기 ) - Forward Strike
  • Yeop-chigi ( 옆치기 ) - Side Strike
  • Olgul-chigi ( 올려치기 ) - Upward Strike
  • Pyojeok-chigi ( 표적치기 ) - Target Strike
  • Kodureo-chigi ( 거들어치기 ) - Supporting Strike
  • Danggyeo-chigi ( 당겨치기 ) - Pulling Strike
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Taekwondo hand strikes are performed as a close distance alternative to kicks. They are executed in a number of ways - from standing, jumping, spinning and rushing forwards. Hand strikes make up fast combinations of strikes which can leave an opponent stunned and unable to defend himself.

  • Striking techniques ( 치기 chigi ) - techniques striking with twisting force of body excluding techniques using fist or fingertips
  • Thrusting techniques ( 찌르기 Jjireugi ) - techniques striking with finger tips
  • Chopping techniques ( 찍기 Jjikgi ) - techniques striking with curled fingers

Various surfaces of the hand may be engaged as the striking surface depending on which area of the opponents body which is being targeted. This leads to a large array of hand positions. Tae Kwon Do also makes use of reverse and front elbow strikes.

KNIFE HAND INWARD STRIKE

( 손날 안치기 sonnal-an-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

'Sonnal' is the Taekwondo name for a move similar to the 'Karate Chop', i.e. where an open hand is hammered down to make impact with the underside. In taekwondo a knifehand strike is executed by striking with the muscle at the side of the hand located between the base of the small finger and the wrist (abductor digiti minimi). It is used as both an offensive and defensive technique and can be executed as a high, low, middle, side, inward, outward, rising or circular strike. Use of this technique as both a strike and block is featured prominently in many of the WTF Taegeuk Poomse. These are commonly made to the side of the neck (sonnal mok an chigi). A Ridge Hand is the opposite, where the top of the open hand strikes. Read more »

Knife Hand Inward Strike ( 손날 안치기 sonnal-an-chigi )

HAMMER FIST STRIKE

( 메주먹 내려치기 mejumeok-naeryeo-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

A closed fist may be brought down in a hammering motion to strike with the underneath. Such a strike can obliterate an opponent's nose, making it near impossible for him to retaliate. This technique can also be used horizontally like a backfist strike using the bottom fist. This strike will not damage the bones of the hands as there is no compression of the knuckles or metacarpals, and there is no leverage to bend the wrist. The hammerfist strikes cricket ball sized areas on the body, hence is particularly effective for striking the Occiput, the temples, the nose, the mandible, the wrist (for blocking punches), the testicles, the sternum, and the ear (although a cupped hand is more effective). The hammerfist is sometimes used during "ground-and-pound" striking in mixed martial arts to avoid damaging the bones of the hand. Read more »

Hammer Fist Strike ( 메주먹 내려치기 mejumeok-naeryeo-chigi )

 

HAMMER HAND OUTWARD STRIKE

( 메주먹 바깥치기 mejumeok-bakkat-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

This strike is delivered by hitting the chest to the upper area of the face with the closed fist sideways. The movement involves the elbow being bent to unleash the strike outward. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Read more »

Hammer Hand Outward Strike ( 메주먹 바깥치기 mejumeok-bakkat-chigi )

OUTWARD BACKFIST STRIKE

( 등주먹 바깥치기 deung-jumeok-bakkat-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

A Son Deung clenched hand is swung backwards into the face of an opponent. The fist of the hitting arm starts at the opposite shoulder. The back of the hand makes contact and the momentum garnered in the swing makes this a powerful strike. Spinning backfists are a knockout punch and banned in most Taekwondo competitions. Read more »

Outward Back Fist ( 등주먹 바깥치기 deung-jumeok-bakkat-chigi )

 

BACK KNUCKLE FORWARD STRIKE

( 등주먹 앞치기 deung-jumeok-ap-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

The fist should pass over from the opposite waist to the armpit, and to the chin level and hit with the back of the fist. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Read more »

Back Knuckle Forward Strike ( 등주먹 앞치기 deung-jumeok-ap-chigi )

TURNING ELBOW STRIKE

( 팔굽 돌려치기 palgup-dollyeo-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

Forearm is folded inwards towards the body and the strike is delivered with the outside of the forearm or elbow. Remember to use the twisting of your upper body to generate more power for the Elbow Strike and keep a firm stance for balance. Read more »

Turning Elbow Strike ( 팔굽 돌려치기 palgup-dollyeo-chigi )

 

 

 

 

 

ELBOW TARGET STRIKE

( 팔굽 표적치기 palgup-pyojeok-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

This technique requires you to strike an imaginary target made by extending the other arm. The elbow hits the palm of the other arm and the height is around the solar plexus. The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Read more »

Elbow Target Strike ( 팔굽 표적치기 palgup-pyojeok-chigi )

(FLAT FINGERTIPS) HORIZONTAL STRIKE

( (편손끝) 엎어찌르기 (pyeonsonkkeut) eopeo-jjireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

Fingertips can be used to strike vulnerable areas of the body such as pressure points. Four finger strikes engaging the tips of the outstretched hand (known as Spear hand) can be made to vital points in the neck. Strikes should channel force through a small area of the attacker's body. Read more »

Flat Fingertips Horizontal Strike ( (편손끝) 엎어찌르기 (pyeonsonkkeut) eopeo-jjireugi )

 

PALM HEEL FORWARD STRIKE

( 바탕손 앞치기 batangson-ap-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

A classic self-defence strike where the hand is pulled back to engage the base of the palm in an upwards thrusting strike. This is particularly dangerous if applied to the base of the nose or chin and can result in death. Obviously banned in competition Taekwondo. Whether the hand is open or the fingertips are folded against the bottom knuckles, palm strikes hit with the bottom part of the palm, where the hand meets the wrist. Read more »

Palm Heel Forward Strike ( 바탕손 앞치기 batangson-ap-chigi )

BENT WRIST UPWARD STRIKE

( 굽힌손목 올려치기 gupinsonmok-ollyeo-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

In this strike, the fingers all touch together, and the hand is pointed down, exposing the top of the wrist, which is then swung upward to strike the underside of the jaw. If done properly, this strike can easily fracture the jawbone, and is usually banned from competitions due to the extreme danger. This striking technique is also known as Eagle Strike. Read more »

Bent Wrist Upward Strike ( 굽힌손목 올려치기 gupinsonmok-ollyeo-chigi )

 

PINCER HAND STRIKE

( 집게주먹 지르기 jipge-jumeok-jireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

A strike which uses thumb and forefinger to strike opponent's throat. In this technique a fist is closed except thumb and forefinger which are fully extended outwards. Strikes should channel force through a small area of the attacker's body. Focus helps in achieving proper penetration and in maximizing the damage at the point of impact. Read more »

Pincer Hand Strike ( 집게주먹 지르기 jipge-jumeok-jireugi )

SCISSORS FINGERTIP THRUST

( 가위손끝 찌르기 gawisonkkeut-jjireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

A fist in which forefinger and middle finger is extended out as if to dig someone's eye. Similar to Pincer hand except that the forefinger and middle finger is extended outwards. Strikes should channel force through a small area of the attacker's body. Read more »

Scissors Fingertip Thrust ( 가위손끝 찌르기 gawisonkkeut-jjireugi )

 

RIDGEHAND INWARD STRIKE

( 손날등 안치기 sonnal-deung-an-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

By tucking the thumb into the palm, a striking surface called the ridge-hand, or reverse knife-hand is formed, extending a few inches along the inside of the hand below the first knuckle of the first finger. Read more »

Ridge Hand Inward Strike ( 손날등 안치기 sonnal-deung-an-chigi )

SWALLOW STRIKE

( 제비품치기 jebipoom-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

A technique of striking with one hand while blocking upward with the other hand. This is an offensive and defensive move at the same time. Strikers generally exhale as the strike nears the target. Breath control is also important to relax the body when not attacking; novice strikers often waste significant energy because they are tense at inappropriate times. Read more »

 

SWALLOW (HANDBLADE) INWARD STRIKE

( 제비품 (손날) 안치기 jebipoom-sonnal-an-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

A technique of striking inward with one hand while blocking upward with the other hand. This is an offensive and defensive move at the same time. The blocking handblade is set above the middle of the forehead. The knifehand strike is executed by striking with the muscle at the side of the hand located between the base of the small finger and the wrist (abductor digiti minimi). Read more »

Swallow Handblade Inward Strike ( 제비품 (손날) 안치기 jebipoom-sonnal-an-chigi )

SWALLOW (PALM HEEL) FRONT STRIKE

( 제비품 (바탕손) 앞치기 jebipoom-batangson-ap-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

A strike where the hand is pulled back to engage the base of the palm in an upwards thrusting strike. This is an offensive and defensive move at the same time. The blocking handblade is set above the middle of the forehead. Strikes should generally be thrown with some measure of shifting body weight supporting the blow, as opposed to just the striking with the elbow. Read more »

Swallow Palm Heel Front Strike ( 제비품 (바탕손) 앞치기 jebipoom-batangson-ap-chigi )

 

 

 

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SPEARHAND VERTICAL THRUST

( (편손끝) 세워찌르기 (pyeonsonkkeut) sewo-jjireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

Delivered just as with a punch except that the hand is held open like with a knife hand. The intended striking area are the tips of the fingers. The ideal targets are the eyes, throat, and sternum. This technique is generally unsuitable against most other targets due to the high probability that one might break their fingers. It does have the added advantage of increasing the range of normal hand striking by 3-4 inches or so as opposed to say punching, backfisting, or hammer fisting. It is considered a high level technique requiring enormous conditioning. Also known as Flat Fingertips Thrust. This is a form of Vertical thrust Sewo-jjireugi (세워찌르기). Read more »

SUPPORTING VERTICAL THRUST

( 거들어 세워찌르기 kodureo-sewo-jjireugi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

This technique allows one to block and attack at the same time. One hand executes a palm pressing block while the other performs vertical thrust. Strikes should channel force through a small area of the attacker's body. Focus helps in achieving proper penetration and in maximizing the damage at the point of impact. Read more »

Supporting Vertical Thrust ( 거들어 세워찌르기 kodureo-sewo-jjireugi )

 

HAND BLADE OUTWARD STRIKE

( 손날 바깥치기 sonnal-olgul-bakkat-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

This strike is delivered by hitting mostly the neck with the hand blade facing sideways. The movement involves the elbow being bent to unleash the strike outward. In taekwondo a knifehand strike is executed by striking with the muscle at the side of the hand located between the base of the small finger and the wrist (abductor digiti minimi). Suitable targets for the knifehand strike include the mastoid muscles of the neck, the jugular, the throat, the collar bones, the third vertebra (key stone of the spinal column), and the upper arm. Read more »

Hand Blade Outward Strike ( 손날 바깥치기 sonnal-olgul-bakkat-chigi )

HAND BLADE SIDE STRIKE

( 손날 옆치기 sonnal-yeop-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

A technique of striking the opponent from the side by swinging a knifehand from the inside to the side. The movement involves the elbow being bent to unleash the strike outward. In taekwondo a knifehand strike is executed by striking with the muscle at the side of the hand located between the base of the small finger and the wrist (abductor digiti minimi). The striker relaxes to the extent possible during the strike, tensing the muscles of much of the body only at the time of impact, then relaxing again to recoil the striking part. Read more »

Hand Blade Side Strike ( 손날 옆치기 sonnal-yeop-chigi )

 

 

 

 

 

RIDGEHAND DOWNWARD STRIKE

( 손날등 내려치기 sonnal-deung-naeryeo-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Advanced

A technique of striking from a higher level to a lower level with the ridgehand in a vertical direction. Remember to keep the arm completely straight and extended to avoid injury. This is an advanced breaking technique used most often for multiple stacked boards and even concrete. If done improperly, however, the practitioner may well break his/her wrist. Read more »

Ridgehand Downward Strike ( 손날등 내려치기 sonnal-deung-naeryeo-chigi )

REAR ELBOW STRIKE

( 팔굽 뒤치기 palgup-dwi-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

This technique is executed when one is grabbed from behind. An elbow strike is delivered backward to the ribs of the target. Strikes should generally be thrown with some measure of shifting body weight supporting the blow, as opposed to just the striking with the elbow. Strikes should aim for a point 4–6 inches (10–15 cm) behind the target surface, to impart the most energy into the target. Read more »

Rear Elbow Strike ( 팔굽 뒤치기 palgup-dwi-chigi )

 

ELBOW DOWNWARD STRIKE

( 팔굽 내려치기 palgup-naeryeo-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate

A technique of striking from a higher level to a lower level with the elbow in a vertical direction. Strikes should generally be thrown with some measure of shifting body weight supporting the blow, as opposed to just the striking with the elbow. Strikes should aim for a point 4–6 inches (10–15 cm) behind the target surface, to impart the most energy into the target. The striker in combat should attempt to strike through the target area, not just contact the surface. Read more »

Elbow Downward Strike ( 팔굽 내려치기 palgup-naeryeo-chigi )

 

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Taekwondo hand strikes are performed as a close distance alternative to kicks. They are executed in a number of ways - from standing, jumping, spinning and rushing forwards. Hand strikes make up fast combinations of strikes which can leave an opponent stunned and unable to defend himself.

Risk of injury can be reduced by completing an effective warm up consisting of a heart raiser to get your pulse up, followed by sport specific dynamic stretches (stretches whilst moving). Please follow the guidance of a certified Master Instructor or trainer when doing sports related activities. Depending on the intensity of the exercise, cooling down can involve a slow jog or walk, or with lower intensities, stretching can be used. Cooling down allows the heart rate to return to its resting rate. View more information on Warming Up and Cooling Down ».

This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "Warming Up" and "Cooling Down", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "List of Taekwondo Techniques", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 

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