Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool
When you reach senior belt you are expected to guide the junior belts when they are beginning Taekwondo such as showing by example. To advance from one rank to the next, students typically complete promotion tests in which they demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art before a panel of judges or their teacher. View Taekwondo belt levels »
( 뒷굽이 dwi kubi )
Difficulty Level: Intermediate Level Technique: Stance ( 서기 sogi )
This stance is specifically focused on shifting weight to the back leg, as it offers much more control, and makes it easier to kick off the front leg. To perform this stance, the body faces to the side, with the front foot facing forward and the front leg bent. The back leg is bent slightly and the foot is turned outwards perpendicular to the front foot making the letter "L" for this stance. When learning this stance, it is helpful to use a mirror. Align your feet as stated above - some styles require that your body is turned so only your front shoulder is visible through the mirror. Since there is almost no weight on the front leg, it can be swept without affecting the practitioner's overall balance. The weight distribution of this stance is 30% front and 70% at the back. This stance should be 3 foot-length from origin. Align the shoulder, hip, knee, and ankle of back leg into a straight line. In International Taekwondo Federation (ITF), this stance is called a "L Stance". Also in ITF Style, there is a variant of this stance called Gojung Sogi or Fixed Stance which is One foot length longer, the weight distribution is 50-50. So when performing this stance one should just be able to see the toes of one's back foot over the knee.
Students often undergo periodic testing and grading by their own Master Instructor ( 사범님 sabeomnim ) in order to advance to a higher level of recognized achievement such as a different belt color. They need to demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art such as the execution of patterns ( 품새 poomse ), which combine various techniques in specific sequences.
Back Stance ( 뒷굽이 dwi kubi ) is a requirement for the below belt levels (Techniques vary between schools). Promotion from one belt level to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan black belt. View Promotion Tests »
Key Points for Back Stance ( 뒷굽이 dwi kubi )
- is specifically focused on shifting weight to the back leg
- it offers much more control and makes it easier to kick off the front leg
- the body faces to the side naturally, with the front foot facing forward and the front leg bent
- the back leg is bent slightly and the foot is turned outwards perpendicular to the front foot making the letter "L" for this stance
- the weight distribution of this stance is 30% front and 70% at the back
- this stance should be 3 foot-length from origin
- align the shoulder, hip, knee, and ankle of back leg into a straight line
Information for Back Stance ( 뒷굽이 dwi kubi )
Stance is introduced in the following patterns:
Poomse is the foundation for the teaching of taekwondo. A poomse or form is a detailed pattern of defense-and-attack motions and techniques used in traditional martial arts. Poomse is useful in developing proper kinetics, mental and physical fortitude.
Most Kukkiwon 국기원 schools will use the poomse taegeuk whereas a few schools will use the poomse palgwe. The meanings, trigrams and symbols are shared by both poomse taegeuk and poomse palgwe, however the sequence of movements is different. The first 8 forms of the set of poomse differ from each other, whereas the last 9 forms (Black Belt forms) of the set are shared between the two sets. All students studying in World Taekwondo (WT) Kukkiwon style must learn these forms, or taegeuk, to advance to a higher belt level. There are eight taegeuk forms, each one similar to the previous one, but each time with more complicated techniques to display the students' mastery of the techniques learned during lessons, as well as the ability to interconnect these techniques.
For more information on taekwondo patterns refer to Poomse 품새 Section »
Learn other taekwondo stances on the Stance ( 서기 sogi ) Section »
Practitioners must have their body weight correctly distributed during each different stance and during footwork. Each technique must be correctly aligned. Every technique must display the requisite speed, power and firmness to be realistically used as an attack or defense move.
Back Stance ( 뒷굽이 dwi kubi )
Taekwondo Stances ( 서기 sogi )
The korean martial arts has several stances ( 서기 sogi ) used for different activities. Although there are strong similarities in stances throughout taekwondo schools, individual instructors often have their own preferred style. For more information View Taekwondo Stances ( 서기 sogi ) »
- Ready Stance ( 기본준비 junbi )
- Walking Stance ( 앞서기 ap-sogi )
- Front Stance ( 앞굽이 ap-kubi )
- Attention Stance ( 차렷 charyeot )
- Fighting Stance ( 겨루기준비 gyeorugi-junbi )
- Parallel Stance ( 나란히서기 naranhi-sogi )
- Horse Stance ( 주춤서기 juchum-sogi )
- Back Stance ( 뒷굽이 dwi-kubi )
- Covered Fist Ready Stance ( 보주먹준비 bojumeok-junbi )
- Left Side Stance ( 왼 서기 wen-sogi )
- Right Side Stance ( 오른 서기 oreun-sogi )
- Cat Stance ( 범서기 beom-sogi )
- Forward Cross Stance ( 앞 꼬아서기 ap-koa-sogi )
- Rear Cross Stance ( 뒤 꼬아서기 dwi-koa-sogi )
- Crane Stance ( 학다리서기 hakdari-sogi )
- Inner Knee Stance ( 오금서기 ogum-sogi )
- Two Fist Ready Stance ( 두주먹허리준비 dujumeok-heori-junbi )
There are five tenets defined in the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) and several more in World Taekwondo (WT).
Indomitable spirit ( Baekjul Boolgool / 백절불굴 ): "To have indomitable spirit means to have the courage to stand up for what you believe in, no matter what odds you are up against, and to always give 100% effort in whatever you do." View Taekwondo Tenets »
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Taekwondo Stances", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.