Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool
When you reach senior belt you are expected to guide the junior belts when they are beginning Taekwondo such as showing by example. To advance from one rank to the next, students typically complete promotion tests in which they demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art before a panel of judges or their teacher. View Taekwondo belt levels »
( 가위막기 kawi makgi )
Difficulty Level: Advanced Technique: Blocks ( 막기 makgi )
This technique is to block at the same time with a Low Block ( 아래막기 arae makgi ) and an Inner Wrist Outer Block ( 안팔목 바깥막기 anpalmok momtong bakkat magki ). Blocking fists are parallel to the shoulder and the palm of the fists should face the body. The lead forearm is bent and raised to shoulder height, snapping the arm down straight with the palm facing the ground, which blocks any incoming low kicks.
The other hand uses the inner wrist of your forearm to deflect a strike away from your body. Remember to keep the wrists straight and the arm is angled at 90-120 degrees.
Students often undergo periodic testing and grading by their own Master Instructor ( 사범님 sabeomnim ) in order to advance to a higher level of recognized achievement such as a different belt color. They need to demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art such as the execution of patterns ( 품새 poomse ), which combine various techniques in specific sequences.
Scissors Block ( 가위막기 kawi makgi ) is a requirement for the below belt levels (Techniques vary between schools). Promotion from one belt level to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan black belt. View Promotion Tests »
Block is introduced in the following pattern:
TAEGEUK #: 7
PALGWE #: 5
Poomse is the foundation for the teaching of Taekwondo. A poomse, or form, is a detailed pattern of defense-and-attack motions and techniques used in traditional martial arts. Poomse is useful in developing proper kinetics, mental and physical fortitude.
Most Kukkiwon 국기원 schools will use the poomse taegeuk whereas a few schools will use the poomse palgwe. The meanings, trigrams and symbols are shared by both poomse taegeuk and poomse palgwe, however the sequence of movements is different. The first 8 forms of the set of poomse differ from each other, whereas the last 9 forms (Black Belt forms) of the set are shared between the two sets. All students studying in World Taekwondo (WT) Kukkiwon style must learn these forms, or taegeuk, to advance to a higher belt level. There are eight taegeuk forms, each one similar to the previous one, but each time with more complicated techniques to display the students' mastery of the techniques learned during lessons, as well as the ability to interconnect these techniques.
For more information on taekwondo patterns refer to Poomse 품새 Section »
Learn other taekwondo blocks on the Main Blocking ( 막기 makgi ) Section »
Taekwondo Blocks ( 막기 makgi )
In martial arts, blocking is the act of stopping or deflecting an opponent's attack for the purpose of preventing injurious contact with the body. A block usually consists of placing a limb across the line of the attack. Blocks are considered by some to be the most direct and least subtle of defensive techniques. Other ways of avoiding attack include evasion, trapping, slipping and deflection of the oncoming attack; this approach is often referred to as the application of 'soft' techniques.
View all taekwondo blocks on the Blocks ( 막기 makgi ) Main Section ».
- Low Block ( 아래막기 arae-makgi )
- Middle Block ( 몸통막기 momtong-makgi )
- High Block ( 올려막기 olgul-makgi )
- Outside Block ( 바깥막기 momtong-bakkat-makgi )
- Single KnifeHand Outward Block ( 한손날 바깥막기 hansonnal-bakkat-makgi )
- Pressing Block ( 눌러막기 nulleo-makgi )
- Palm Heel Pressing block ( 바탕손 눌러막기 batangson-nulleo-makgi )
- Palm Heel Inward Block ( 바탕손 안막기 batangson-an-makgi )
- Inward Knife-Hand Block ( 손날 안막기 sonnal-an-makgi )
- Cross Block ( 엇걸어막기 otgoreo makgi )
- Knifehand High Cross Block ( 손날 엇걸어막기 sonnal olgul otgoreo makgi )
- Supported HandBlade Block ( 손날 거들어 바깥막기 sonnal kodureo makgi )
- Inner Wrist Outer Block ( 안팔목 바깥막기 anpalmok bakkat makgi )
- Trunk Push Low Block ( 아래 헤쳐막기 arae hecho makgi )
- Trunk Push Middle Block ( 바깥팔목 헤쳐막기 bakkat palmok hecho makgi )
- Scissors Block ( 가위막기 kawi makgi )
- Diamond Block ( 금강막기 keumgang-makgi )
- Outside Wrist Pressing Block ( 바깥팔목 눌러막기 bakkatpalmok nulleo-makgi )
- (Outside Wrist) Supported Trunk Block ( (바깥팔목) 거들어 바깥막기 (bakkatpalmok) kodureo bakkat makgi )
- Low Cross Block ( 아래 엇걸어막기 arae-otgoreo-makgi )
- Open Wide Mountain Block ( 산틀막기 santeul-makgi )
- Single Hand Wide Open Block ( 외산틀막기 wesanteul makgi )
- Supported Downward HandBlade Block ( 손날 거들어 내려막기 sonnal kodureo naeryeo makgi )
- HandBlade Twist Outward Block ( 손날 비틀어 바깥막기 sonnal bitureo bakkat makgi )
- Bull Horn Block ( 황소막기 hwangso-makgi )
- Ridgehand Outward Block ( 손날등 바깥막기 sonnal deung bakkat makgi )
- Supported Downward Block ( 거들어 내려막기 kodureo naeryeo makgi )
- Inside Wrist Side Block ( 안팔목 옆막기 anpalmok-yeop-makgi )
- Inner Wrist Double Block ( 안팔목 헤쳐막기 anpalmok hecho makgi )
- High Outside Block ( 올려 바깥막기 olgul bakkat makgi )
- Hand Blade Low Block ( 한손날 아래막기 sonnal arae makgi )
- Hand Blade Double Block ( 손날 헤쳐막기 sonnal hecho makgi )
- Low Side Block ( 아래 옆막기 arae-yeop-makgi )
- Inner Wrist Supported Outward Block (anpalmok kodureo bakkat makgi)
- Ridgehand Supporting Downward Block ( 손날등 거들어 내려막기 sonnal-deung-kodureo-naeryeo-makgi )
- Bent Wrist Outward Block ( 굽힌손목 바깥막기 gupinsonmok-bakkat-makgi )
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "List of Taekwondo Techniques", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.