Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool

When you reach senior belt you are expected to guide the junior belts when they are beginning Taekwondo such as showing by example. To advance from one rank to the next, students typically complete promotion tests in which they demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art before a panel of judges or their teacher. View Taekwondo belt levels »

Outward Back Fist

( 등주먹 바깥치기 deung-jumeok-bakkat-chigi )

Difficulty Level:  Intermediate      Technique: Strikes ( 치기 chigi )

A Son Deung clenched hand is swung backwards into the face of an opponent. The fist of the hitting arm starts at the opposite shoulder. The back of the hand makes contact and the momentum garnered in the swing makes this a powerful strike. Spinning backfists are a knockout punch and banned in most Taekwondo competitions. Strikes should aim for a point 4–6 inches (10–15 cm) behind the target surface, to impart the most energy into the target. The striker in combat should attempt to strike through the target area, not just contact the surface.

Outward Back Fist ( 등주먹 바깥치기 deung-jumeok-bakkat-chigi ) Outward Back Fist ( 등주먹 바깥치기 deung-jumeok-bakkat-chigi ) Outward Back Fist ( 등주먹 바깥치기 deung-jumeok-bakkat-chigi )


Students often undergo periodic testing and grading by their own Master Instructor ( 사범님 sabeomnim ) in order to advance to a higher level of recognized achievement such as a different belt color. They need to demonstrate their proficiency in the various aspects of the art such as the execution of patterns ( 품새 poomse ), which combine various techniques in specific sequences.

Outward Back Fist ( 등주먹 바깥치기 deung-jumeok-bakkat-chigi ) is a requirement for the below belt levels (Techniques vary between schools). Promotion from one belt level to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan black belt. View Promotion Tests »


Most Kukkiwon 국기원 schools will use the poomse taegeuk whereas a few schools will use the poomse palgwe. The meanings, trigrams and symbols are shared by both poomse taegeuk and poomse palgwe, however the sequence of movements is different. The first 8 forms of the set of poomse differ from each other, whereas the last 9 forms (Black Belt forms) of the set are shared between the two sets. All students studying in World Taekwondo (WT) Kukkiwon style must learn these forms, or taegeuk, to advance to a higher belt level. There are eight taegeuk forms, each one similar to the previous one, but each time with more complicated techniques to display the students' mastery of the techniques learned during lessons, as well as the ability to interconnect these techniques.

For more information on taekwondo patterns refer to Poomse 품새 Section »

Learn other taekwondo strikes on the  Main Strikes Section »

Taekwondo Preschool Back Fist Fist area





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Taekwondo hand strikes are performed as a close distance alternative to kicks. They are executed in a number of ways - from standing, jumping, spinning and rushing forwards. Hand strikes make up fast combinations of strikes which can leave an opponent stunned and unable to defend himself. View Taekwondo Strikes ».

There are five tenets defined in the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) and several more in World Taekwondo (WT).

Self-control ( Geuk Gi / 극기 ): "This means to not only have control over one's physical acts, but also their mental thoughts and actions." View Taekwondo Tenets »

This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "List of Taekwondo Techniques", "Fist (hand)" and "Strikes (attack)", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.






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