Taekwondo 태권도Taekwondo Preschool
Promotion from one geup to the next can proceed rapidly in some schools, since schools often allow geup promotions every two, three, or four months. Students of geup rank learn the most basic techniques first, and then move on to more advanced techniques as they approach first dan. Many of the older and more traditional schools often take longer to allow students to test for higher ranks than newer, more contemporary schools, as they may not have the required testing intervals. View Taekwondo belt levels »
Physically, taekwondo develops strength, speed, balance, flexibility, and stamina. An example of the union of mental and physical discipline is the breaking of wooden boards, bricks or tiles, which requires both physical mastery of the technique and the concentration to focus one's power.
Aaron Arthur Cook (born 2 January 1991 in Dorchester, Dorset, England) is a British taekwondo athlete who fought at the 2008 Summer Olympics. He is the current -80kg European Champion and is ranked as World Number 2 in the −80 kg men's category. In December 2012 Cook confirmed a switch in allegiance from Great Britain to the Isle of Man. He intends to continue to represent Great Britain at Olympic level.
Cook made his breakthrough into senior competition at the 2007 Dutch Open Championships held in Eindhoven, aged 16. He took bronze in his debut seniors competition, losing to French athlete Torann Mazeroi 12–10 in the quarters. The following week Cook appeared in the German Open Championships in Bonn to take his maiden senior open title. In the final he defeated fellow team member Davoud Etminani 12–11. He then went to compete and secured his place on the British team for the 2007 World Taekwondo Championships at a closed-door round robin competition held at Loughborough University. At the 2007 World Taekwondo Championship and on his debut he was drawn against Iceland in the first bout, he won on superiority over his opponent. In the second round he faced the toughest opponent of his young career, Hadi Saei of Iran who placed first at both the Madrid 2005 World Taekwondo Championships and the 2004 Olympics. Cook could not pass the experienced Iranian with a final score of 11–6.
Later in his debut year, Cook qualified for a spot on the British team for the 2008 Olympic Games by competing at the 2007 World Qualification Tournament held at the MEN Arena Manchester. In the first round he faced Ireland's Sean Joyce, Cook won 9–2. He won with the same score against Switzerland's Markus Jiskra. In the last 16 Cook faced Philippines' Briones. Cook secured a victory with a score of 5–2. However in the quarter finals Cook's tournament ended in a 5–3 defeat to the 6 ft 5in Italian Mauro Sarmiento.
In his Olympic debut Cook defeated Anju Jason representing the Marshall Islands. The match finished 7–0 in favour of Cook. The second match was against a higher class of competitor, but he defeated Carlos Vasquez of Venezuela 5–2. In the semi-finals Cook lost again 6–5 to Sarmiento. After defeat in the semi finals this placed Cook in the bronze medal match of the repechage against Zhu Guo of China. Cook lost the match 4–1. He was baffled that a protest was not lodged against the result by his supporting team: "I am so gutted. I came so close. I thought the scoring was absolutely horrendous. I don't know what the judges were looking at, they must have been looking in the crowd. 'I never tried so much in a match, and it still wasn't enough, and then I didn't know what I had to do. I am miles better than that guy. The crowd didn't affect me, but it must have affected the scoring. 'I can't believe the scoring. Words can't explain how absolutely gutted I am to come so close to a medal. I had the right tactics. I'd have been five to six points ahead in any other taekwondo fight.
Prior to the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Cook was involved in controversy relating to selection for the games. Although ranked number one in the world, Cook was overlooked by the GB selection team in favour of world ranked 59th, Lutalo Muhammad. With Cook considering legal action, his agent said "If the British world number one and reigning European Champion does not compete, it will be a national disgrace". "This is an embarrassment not only for the sport of taekwondo internationally, but also for Great Britain's international reputation in hosting the London 2012 Games." Much of the British Taekwondo community felt that Cook was overlooked due to leaving the GB taekwondo Training camp in Manchester to train with his own coaches. Team GB performance director Gary Hall commented on the controversy by saying that "In some ways, Aaron has a bigger marketing machine than the whole of GB Taekwondo." Women's world champion Sarah Stevenson defended the selection, saying that "To be world number one on a rankings system is not what taekwondo is, it doesn't mean you're the best in the world. I don't even care or know what ranking I am, and people need to realise this. It's really unfair that GB Taekwondo are getting criticised for not picking a world number one." However Martin Samuel of the Daily Mail noted that Stevenson is married to Steve Jennings, who is on the selection panel for GB Taekwondo.
Anthony Obame Mylann
Anthony Obame Mylann (born 10 September 1988 in Libreville, Gabon) is a taekwondo practitioner who represented Gabon at the 2012 Summer Olympics.
Obame is currently coached by former two-time world champion Juan Antonio Ramos.
He won the silver medal in the men's 80+ kg category at the 2012 Olympic Games, becoming the first Gabonese athlete to win a medal at the Olympics.
Obame defeated Kaino Thomsen and Bahri Tanrikulu en route to the gold medal match, which he lost to Carlo Molfetta of Italy. Obame led in the match, but lost on a judges' decision after the match ended in a tie. Obame said he was disappointed because of what he called a "youthful error."
Obame was greeted by thousands of supporters upon his return to Libreville. Obame said he felt "immense pride and joy" in having won the nation's first Olympic medal.
Choi Chang Keun
Choi Chang Keun (최창근; 崔昌根; born 1941), widely known as C. K. Choi, is a South Korean master of taekwondo, and one of the twelve original masters of taekwondo of the Korea Taekwon-Do Association. Following a career in the South Korean military, Choi emigrated to Canada in 1969, where he continues to teach his martial art.
Choi was born around 1941 in Korea, during the period of Japanese occupation. He began training in the martial arts in 1956, studying taekwondo and karate under instructors Hong and Kim in the South Korean army, and subsequently trained under Jong Lim Woo, Director of Taekwondo for the Korean 1st Army. By 1960, Choi had attained the rank of 2nd dan in taekwondo. In 1961, he helped Hong Hi Choi to create many of the present day Chang Hon patterns, Ge-Baek hyung.
In 1962, Woo promoted Choi to the rank of 3rd dan. That same year, Choi became the first taekwondo world champion in sparring and patterns, and then became the first tae soo do world champion (full contact, heavyweight, 3rd–5th dan division) in 1963. He later became one of the twelve original masters of taekwondo and taught in Malaysia. Through the late 1960s and 1970s, Choi was a key member of the taekwondo demonstration teams that accompanied H. H. Choi around the world.
Choi moved to Vancouver, Canada, in 1969. He opened the first taekwondo school there in 1970. He also established the University of British Columbia's taekwondo club in the 1970s. In 1973, Choi held the rank of 7th dan.
In 1980, Choi designed the International Taekwon-Do Federation's (ITF) tree logo that is worn on the back of every ITF uniform. He attained the rank of 8th dan in 1981, promoted by H. H. Choi, and 9th dan in 2002.
Choi has started a campaign to reunite ITF practitioners across the world. He continues to teach, conduct grading tests, give seminars, and offer assistance to those involved in taekwondo.
Jade Mary Jones MBE (born 21 March 1993) is a Welsh taekwondo athlete who represented Team GB at the 2012 Summer Olympics, winning Britain's first taekwondo gold medal, in the women's 57 kg category. Jones is the reigning Youth Olympic champion in the girls' 55 kg category, winning gold for Great Britain in 2010.
Jones was born in Bodelwyddan, Denbighshire, Wales. She attended Flint High School leaving aged 16 to take up taekwondo full-time. As of 2012, Jones is 1.69 metres (5 ft 7 in) tall and weighs 57 kilograms (126 lb). She competes as part of the GB Taekwondo Academy which is based in Manchester.
In 2010 Jones won a bronze medal at the 2010 European Taekwondo Championships in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Jones competed for Great Britain at the inaugural Summer Youth Olympics in Singapore; she beat Vietnam's Thanh Thao Nguyen 9–6 in the 55 kg category final to become Great Britain's first ever gold medallist at the Games. She was named BBC Cymru Wales Junior Sportswoman of the Year 2010.
Jones won her first senior title at the US Open in Austin, Texas in February 2011. She won gold in the −62 kg division having won bronze in the −57 kg competition the previous day. At the 2011 World Taekwondo Championships in Gyeongju, South Korea Jones advanced to the final of the 57 kg event after beating Marlène Harnois of France in the semifinals. She won the silver medal after losing to China's Hou Yuzhuo in a sudden-death round. In October 2011 Jones won a gold medal at the British Open in Manchester by defeating Harnois 10–8 in the final. At the French Open she won a bronze medal after losing to Harnois in the semifinals.
At the German Open held in Hamburg in March 2012 Jones won a silver medal losing to China's Yun Wang in the final. In May 2012 she won a bronze medal at the 2012 European Taekwondo Championships in Manchester.
Jones was selected to compete for Great Britain at the 2012 Summer Olympics in the women's 57 kg weight category. In the games Jones beat Chinese Taipei's top seed Tseng Li-Cheng in the semi-finals after having beaten Japan's Mayu Hamada in the quarter-finals and Serbia's Dragana Gladović in her first bout. In the final on 9 August 2012 she beat Hou Yuzhuo of China 6 points to 4, to become the first ever Briton to win a taekwondo gold medal.
Jones won the public vote for the BBC Wales Sports Personality of the Year 2012. She is nicknamed "The Headhunter" because she prefers to try and score points from her opponent's head rather than their body as successful kicks to the head are awarded more points than successful kicks to the body. Jones was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in the 2013 New Year Honours for services to taekwondo.
Jhoon Goo Rhee
Jhoon Goo Rhee 이준구 (born January 7, 1932), commonly known as Jhoon Rhee, is a South Korean master of taekwondo who is widely recognized as the 'Father of American Taekwondo' for introducing this martial art to the United States of America since arriving in the 1950s. Rhee is ranked 10th dan.
Rhee was born on January 7, 1932, in Korea, during the period of Japanese occupation. He began training in the martial arts at the age of 13, without his father's knowledge. Rhee received martial art training under Nam Tae Hi and graduated from the Chung Do Kwan. During the 1960s, Rhee befriended Bruce Lee—a relationship from which they both benefited as martial artists.
In 1973, Rhee made his only martial arts movie, titled When Taekwondo Strikes.
Rhee is well known in the Washington, D.C. area for a television commercial that has a jingle by Nils Lofgren and features the catch phrase, "Nobody bothers me," followed by "Nobody bothers me, either." In 2000, Rhee was the only Korean-American named amongst the 203 most recognized immigrants to the country by the National Immigrant Forum and the Immigration and Naturalization Services.
Rhee was inducted into the Taekwondo Hall of Fame in 2007, and he is listed as both the 'Pioneer of American Taekwondo' and the 'Pioneer of Taekwon-Do in Russia' there. Rhee is listed as a pioneer in the USA (1950s, 1960s, and 1970s) in Chang Keun Choi's list of taekwondo pioneers.
He created 'Martial Ballet' which is a martial art form that is conducted to music. Martial Ballet has been performed by different people in different ways and was incorporated in Rhee's school curriculum.
Jhoon Rhee also starred in a feature film in 1980. It was entitled Return of Rhee in Korea and for the Asian and international markets. It was renamed Rampage for U.S. distribution, but never got released in America. Rhee's protégé Jeff Smith and student Randy Anderson co-starred in the picture which was filmed on location in Seoul and Busan, South Korea.
Juan Antonio Ramos Sánchez
Juan Antonio Ramos Sánchez (born August 18, 1976 in Barcelona) is a Spanish taekwondo practitioner.
He is a two-time world champion, winning the finweight title in 1997 and the flyweight title in 2007. He also competed for Spain at the 2004 and 2008 Olympic Games, finishing fourth and equal fifth respectively. He is married to Brigitte Yagüe, also successful in taekwondo. He was a coach at the 2012 Olympic Games for Anthony Obame of Gabon, where Obame won Silver medal in men's heavyweight. Now Ramos is the French national team coach.
Lee Dae Hoon
Lee Dae-Hoon (Hangul: 이대훈) (born February 5, 1992 in Seoul) is a South Korean Taekwondo practitioner.
Originally a bantamweight (under 63 kg), Lee temporarily went down in weight to flyweight (under 58 kg) after the 2011 World Championships in order to compete in the 2012 Olympics where there are only four weight classes. Lee made his international flyweight debut at the 2011 World Taekwondo Olympic Qualification Tournament in Baku, Azerbaijan where he had his first international loss to 2008 Olympic silver medalist Gabriel Mercedes 14-12 in the semifinals. In May 2012, however, he captured his first flyweight gold medal at the 2012 Asian Taekwondo Championships, beating reigning Asian flyweight champion Pen-Ek Karaket 8-4 in the final bout.
Servet Tazegül (born September 26, 1988) is a world, Olympic and European champion Turkish taekwondo practitioner of Azerbaijani origin competing in the featherweight division.
He competed in the men's 68 kg class at the 2008 Summer Olympics held in Beijing, China and won the bronze medal. Throughout a majority of his fights he seems to be fighting in the Southpaw position, which is very powerful and is also used around the world by various martial artists. This position applies to a taekwondo competitor, who is stronger with his right leg, but places the right leg in front gaining more accuracy while also confusing the opponent.
Tazegül qualified for the 2012 Summer Olympics and went on to beat Iran's Mohammad Bagheri Motamed in the final, with a score of 6-5, winning the gold medal
At the 2013 Mediterranean Games held in Mersin, Turkey, he won the bronze medal in the 68 kg event.
Steven López (born November 9, 1978) is a 2000 and 2004 Olympic Gold medalist and a 2008 Olympic Bronze medalist and 4th Dan in taekwondo. In 2001, he won the Lightweight Taekwondo World Championship, and in 2003 he won the Welterweight Taekwondo World Championship which he has since won in 2005, 2007 and 2009 making him the first Taekwondo fighter to win 5 World Championships.
Born in Nicaragua, Lopez's parents moved to New York City in 1972. In his native country, his father, Julio, worked for the dictator Anastasio Somoza, who was overthrown in 1979 after the Sandinista Revolution. His father took odd jobs to support his family but later relocated to Texas. López first learned the sport of Taekwondo in his garage at the age of five from his father and Jean, his older brother. He is a 1997 graduate of Kempner High School in Sugar Land, Texas where he was voted "most likely to succeed" and was member of the National Honor Society.
López's siblings, Mark, Diana and Jean Lopez (coach) are all USA National Team Members in Taekwondo. His younger siblings, Mark and Diana, also represented the United States at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, marking the first time since 1904 that three siblings have been on the same Olympic team. Both López and siblings, Mark (men's featherweight) and Diana (women's featherweight), made sports history in April 2005 when they all claimed a world championship title at the same event (2005 World Taekwondo Championships) with their oldest brother, Jean, participating in the feat as their coach. Steven Lopez and Diana Lopez both qualified for the 2012 Olympic games in London in July 2012 at the Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs, CO.
On January 2006, López tested positive for a banned substance (L-methamphetamine) which he said came from an over-the-counter vapor inhaler he used. López promptly accepted a three-month suspension and participated in an educational anti-doping program.
Tran Trieu Quan
Trần Triệu Quân (March 26, 1952 – January 12, 2010) was a Vietnamese-Canadian grandmaster of taekwondo and a professional engineer. He was president of one of the three International Taekwon-Do Federation groups from mid-2003 until his death. Trần held the rank of 9th dan black belt in taekwondo.
Trần was born on March 26, 1952, in Vietnam. He began his study of taekwondo when he was twelve years old. Trần attained black belt status by the age of 17, and was teaching taekwondo under his instructor, Kim Bong Sik. He emigrated to Canada in 1970, studying mechanical engineering at Laval University and establishing the first taekwondo schools in eastern Canada.
Apart from his extensive taekwondo activities, Trần operated Norbati Consultants Trần & Associates, a consulting firm specializing in building standards and project management for the construction sector. In 1994, Trần was imprisoned in Vietnam after a one-million-dollar sale of cotton to a Vietnamese state company, which he had brokered, fell through. He spent three years in prison before being released.
Trần was promoted to 7th dan on July 1, 1990, 8th dan on December 3, 2000, and 9th dan on December 22, 2008. He was appointed President of one of the three ITF organizations on June 13, 2003.
Trần was in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on business (ironically, working on improving building standards to withstand earthquakes and hurricanes), and was staying in the Hôtel Montana when it collapsed in a 7.0 magnitude earthquake on January 12, 2010. Upon Trần's disappearance, ITF Senior Vice-President and Grand Master Pablo Trajtenberg was named Acting President of the ITF group that Trần had led. Trần's remains were found and his death was confirmed on February 12, 2010.
Trần was married to Nguyễn Thị Mỹ. They had two daughters and a son—Joliette, Cécilia, and Nicolas—all holders of black belts in taekwondo. Apart from his wife and children, Trần left behind a son-in-law, François Beaudin; grandchildren Jasmine and Sandrine; and brothers Trần Triệu Cung and Trần Triệu Lân.
Yeon Hwan Park
Yeon Hwan Park (born June 29, 1952) is a South Korean master of taekwondo. He currently has earned a ninth-degree black belt and holds the title kwan jang-nim (Grandmaster) under the direction of the Kukkiwon. Park was the undefeated Korean national champion of Tae Kwon Do from 1971 to 1975 and the former coach of the U.S. Olympic and Pan-American Tae Kwon Do team.
Park trained in his native Korea from early childhood. He attended Korea University and served in the Republic of Korea Marine Corps before being dispatched by the South Korean government as an emissary to Africa, where he began teaching taekwondo in Lesotho. In 1980 he settled in the United States, where he established himself as a prominent figure in taekwondo instruction. While worldwide study of the martial arts increased in popularity in the early 1970s, due in part to work of Bruce Lee, taekwondo was still largely unknown outside of Korea. In 1983 Park established the goal of increasing the popularity of the sport in a concerted movement towards having taekwondo become recognized as an official Olympic Sport. In response to the work of Park and other taekwondo leaders the International Olympic Committee granted the sport Demonstration Sport status in the 1988 and 1992 games and as a full medal sport, commencing with the 2000 games in Sydney, Australia.
He has also served as president of the New York State Tae Kwon Do Association and in 1993 he became the secretary-general of the United States Tae Kwon Do Union. He is the former vice president of the United States Tae Kwon Do Union and the publisher of USA Taekwondo Review. In 2013 he was elected to the presidency of the Korea Youth Promotion Association of the USA, a non-profit organization sponsoring student exchanges with the South Korea, Japan and The United States. Park has been an adjunct professor of Taekwondo at Long island University and at the University of Bridgeport, lecturer and has coauthored Black Belt Tae Kwon Do and Tae Kwon Do, Third Edition, both for Checkmark Books, as well as 12 other books on the martial art. His latest book, Tae Kwon Do, My Life and Philosophy was published in 2009.
A major influence in the spread of Tae Kwon Do throughout the United States, Park has been featured in the "New York Times" and "Newsday", on the cover of nearly every major martial arts magazine and on major television networks. In 2008 he was elected President of the United States TKD Union. In 2010 Park was named Coach of the Year by the United States Taekwondo Grandmaster's Society. Park currently teaches about fifteen classes a week, from beginner to black belt competition training in his Dojang, or training center, in Levittown, NY, which is one of a series of Tae Kwon Do learning academies opened under the YH Park name, in the United States since 1983, and is currently under the direction of his eldest son and fifth degree black belt, Edward Park. Park is also an advisor to the United States Taekwondo Education Foundation, a non profit organization whose mission statement is to spread Tae Kwon Do philosophies to public schools.
In 2014 Park was named a USA Taekwondo Regional membership Director.
Question. What is the korean terminology for Pressing Palm Block?
A standard block used to deflect incoming kicks and punches. The open hand is raised up to shoulder height and thrust directly down to meet the attackers limb. The heel of the hand makes contact with the attacker’s forearm in case of a punch, or the shin in case of a kick.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "Aaron Cook", "Anthony Obame", "Choi Chang Keun", "Jade Jones", "Jhoon Rhee", "Juan Antonio Ramos", "Lee Dae Hoon", "Servet Tazegül", "Steven López", "Tran Trieu Quan", and "Yeon Hwan Park" which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.