Taekwondo Poomse 품새Taekwondo Preschool

ITF Tul Hwarang Poomse Map | Taekwondo Preschool

Patterns (teul) are performed in accordance with "The Encyclopedia of Taekwon-Do" in 15 volumes written by General Choi Hong Hi, the latest edition being from 1999 (later editions have been published, but the 1999 editions were the last General Choi Hong Hi was directly involved with). This comprehensive work contains 15 volumes with volumes 8 through 15 dedicated to the 24 patterns and containing descriptions of the pattern movements as well as pictures showing possible applications of some of the movements. View more information about International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) Tuls Forms »

Chung-Mu 충무 / 忠武 ( 1st geup )


Chung-Mu 충무 / 忠武


 

ITF Tul Hwarang Poomse Map | Taekwondo Preschool

 


Theory of Power

Choi Hong Hi advocated a relax and strike principle for taekwondo; in other words, between blocks, kicks, and strikes the practitioner should relax the body, then tense the muscles only while performing the technique. It is believed that this too increases the power of the technique, by conserving the body's energy. He expanded on this principle with his advocacy of the "sine wave" technique. This involves raising one's center of gravity between techniques, then lowering it as the technique is performed, producing the up-and-down movement from which the term "sine wave" is derived.

For more information on Theory of Power view

Chung-Mu (or Choong-Moo) was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Sun-sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the King.

Difficulty Level:   Advanced

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Techniques Included in this poomse:

  Note: International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) has different terminologies for some of its techniques than the World Taekwondo (WT). For more information about the organization View International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) »

  • Walking Stance - Gunnun Sogi
  • L Stance - Nuinja Sogi
  • Fixed Stance - Gojung Sogi
  • Sitting Stance - Annun Sogi
  • Vertical Stance - Soojik Sogi
  • Knifehand Downward Strike - Sonnal Naeryeo Taerigi
  • Fingertip Thrust - Son Sonkut Tulgi
  • Side Punch - Yeop Jireugi
  • Upward Punch/Uppercut - Nopunde Olgul Jireugi
  • Thrusting Elbow Strike - Yeop Palgup Taerigi
  • Knifehand Outward Strike - Sonnal Yeop Taerigi
  • Twin Forearm Block - Sang Palmok Makgi
  • Knife Hand Guarding Block - Sonnal Daebi Makgi
  • X Fist Pressing Block - Kyocha Jumeok Nulleo Makgi
  • Reverse Knifehand Block - Sonnal Deung Makgi
  • High Section Turning Kick - Nopunde Dollyeo Chagi
  • Side Kick - Yeop Chagi
  • Front Kick - Ap Chagi

The majority of the patterns (except Yul-Gok, Ul-Ji and Tong-Il) start with a defensive move, which emphasizes taekwon-do's defensive nature. All of the patterns start and end at the same location. This ensures that the practitioners' stances are the correct length, width, and in the proper direction.

 

 

 

 

 

International Taekwondo FederationPatterns, tul or teul (틀) in Korean, originally called hyeong (형), form an important aspect of training in Taekwon-Do. They are equivalent to the kata in karate. The majority of the patterns (except Yul-Gok, Ul-Ji and Tong-Il) start with a defensive move, which emphasizes taekwon-do's defensive nature. All of the patterns start and end at the same location. This ensures that the practitioners' stances are the correct length, width, and in the proper direction.

 

ITF Tul Hwarang Poomse Map | Taekwondo Preschool

 

 

 

 

International Taekwondo Federation Forms

There are 24 patterns in the official ITF syllabus; this is symbolic of the 24 hours in a day. One additional pattern, Ko-Dang (or Go-Dang), was retired/replaced by Juche in 1986 by General Choi Hong Hi. Ko-Dang and Juche are similar, and some Taekwon-do organizations have renamed Juche to Ko-Dang though most perform the newer pattern. The names of these patterns typically refer either to events in Korean history or to important people in Korean history. Elements of the patterns may also be historical references, such as the number of moves, the diagram, the way the pattern ends, and so on. For more information about the organization View International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) »

International Taekwondo Federation Forms White Belt White Belt Yellow Strip Belt Yellow Belt Green Strip Belt Green Belt Blue Strip Belt Blue Belt Red Strip Belt Red Belt Black Strip Belt

 

General qualities that judges look for in any taekwondo practitioner include proper breathing technique and body control. The diaphragm must be engaged in deep breathing, shallow breathing concentrated in the upper abdomen results in raised shoulders and stressed muscles. The muscles of the body should be lightly relaxed in order to perform the pattern with fluidity, speed and grace. Muscles should only be tensed at the moment of imaginary impact in order to commute maximum power to any individual taekwondo technique. For more information View Key Points »

RESOURCES
This article uses material from the Wikipedia articles "International Taekwon-Do Federation", "Taekwondo", and "Hyeong", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 

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